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C. Prophecies concerning Judas - Psalm ; Acts III. Jesus' Relationship to Judas and the Eleven. 1. He let Judas be treasurer - John ; he held. Second, Judas not only lacked faith in Christ, but he also had little or no personal relationship with Jesus. When the synoptic gospels list the Twelve, they are. As an apostle, Judas had a special relationship with Jesus. Unfortunately, he abandoned that relationship due to worldliness. (Acts , ) We, too, can.
Digging deep into the New Testament again there is one individual who historically stands alone as the opponent to Jesus of Nazareth. Historically, Judas Iscariot has been seen by Christians as the betrayer of Jesus.
Judas Iscariot - Wikipedia
Judas is the most notorious figure within Christian teachings and mythology. It is impossible to deny Judas' involvement in the death of Jesus, but the blame for this act should not rest solely upon his shoulders. There were many contributing factors which brought about the death of Jesus of Nazareth. Religious scholars as well as film makers have offered a variety of interpretations concerning the extent to which Judas was involved in Jesus' death. Scholars such as William Klassen and film-makers like Martin Scorcese have come to 1 Page new conclusions as part of a trend in the past century that alters the amount of responsibility and guilt which rests on Judas' shoulders.
According to William Klassen, Judas Iscariot has been wrongfully portrayed by Christianity and it's teachings for most of the common-era. The accusations which these stories and legends make against him have lead to his negative depiction of his image. Many of the legends and myths about Judas are comprised in such a way as to make him a scapegoat for the communities' inability in the first century to recognize the presence of the messiah.
After reviewing the historical evidence concerning Judas, there will be no basis for guilt on his behalf.
Judas' involvement in the death of Christ will be shown for what it was, then and only then may one come to an new conclusion about the guilt of Judas Iscariot. While we cannot be absolutely certain why Judas betrayed Jesus, some things are certain.
First, although Judas was chosen to be one of the twelve John 6, 64all scriptural evidence points to the fact that he Judas never believed Jesus to be God. He even may not have been convinced that Jesus was the Messiah as Judas understood it.
While other disciples at times made great professions of faith and loyalty John 6, 68;11,16Judas never did so and appears to have remained silent.
This lack of faith in Jesus is the foundation for all other considerations. The same holds true for us. If we fail to recognize Jesus as God incarnate, and therefore the only One who can provide forgiveness for our sins and the eternal salvation that comes with it we will be subject to numerous other problems that stem from a wrong view of God. When the synoptic gospels list the twelve, they are always listed in the same general order with slight variations Matthew 10, ; Mark 3, ; Luke 6, The general order is believed to indicate the relative closeness of their personal relationship with Jesus.
Despite the variations, Peter and the brothers James and John are always listed first, which is consistent with their relationships with Jesus Prof. Judas is always listed last, which may indicate his relative lack of a personal relationship with Christ.
Third, Judas was consumed with greed to the point of betraying the trust of not only Jesus, but also his fellow disciples, as we see in John 12, Judas may have desired to follow Jesus simply because he saw the great following and believed he could profit from collections taken for the group. The fact that Judas was in charge of the moneybag for the group would indicate his interest in money John 13, Additionally, Judas, like most people at the time, believed the messiah was going to overthrow Roman occupation and take a position of power ruling over the nation of Israel.
Judas may have followed Jesus hoping to benefit from association with him as the new reigning political power. No doubt he expected to be among the ruling elite after the revolution. So 3 Page Judas may have assumed just as the Pharisees did that since he would not overthrow the Romans, he must not be the messiah they were expecting.
There are a few Old Testament verses that point to the betrayal, some more specifically than others.
We experience time in a linear way we see time as a straight line, and we pass from one point gradually to another, remembering the past we have already traveled through, but unable to see the future we are approaching. It might help to think of time in relation to God as a circle with God being the center and therefore equally close to all points Albert Nicole. Rather, what Judas would choose eventually, God saw as if it was a present observation, and Jesus made it clear that Judas was responsible for his choice and would be held accountable for it.
Satan, too, had a part in this, as we see in John 13, and he, too, will be held accountable for his deeds. However, it adds many of its own tales, probably from local legends, including one of Judas. In this pseudepigraphic work tells how Judas, as a boy, was possessed by Satanwho caused him to bite himself or anyone else present.
In one of these attacks, Judas bit the young Jesus in the side; and, by touching Him, Satan was exorcised. It further states that the side which Judas supposedly bit was the same side that was pierced by the Holy Lance at the Crucifixion .
Gospel of Judas[ edit ] Main article: It appeared to be a 3rd- or 4th-century-AD copy of a 2nd-century original,   relating a series of conversations in which Jesus and Judas interact and discuss the nature of the universe from a Gnostic viewpoint.
The discovery was given dramatic international exposure in April when the US National Geographic magazine published a feature article entitled "The Gospel of Judas" with images of the fragile codex and analytical commentary by relevant experts and interested observers but not a comprehensive translation. The article's introduction stated: DeConick raises about translation choices are addressed in footnotes in both the popular and critical editions.
She concluded that the ongoing clash between scriptural fundamentalism and attempts at revision were childish because of the unreliability of the sources.
Therefore, she argued, "People interpret, and cheat. The answer is not to fix the Bible but to fix ourselves. Islamic view of Jesus' death According to medieval copies the earliest copies from the 15th century of the Gospel of Barnabas it was Judas, not Jesus, who was crucified on the cross.
This work states that Judas's appearance was transformed to that of Jesus', when the former, out of betrayal, led the Roman soldiers to arrest Jesus who by then was ascended to the heavens. This transformation of appearance was so identical that the masses, followers of Christ, and even the Mother of Jesus, Mary, initially thought that the one arrested and crucified was Jesus himself.
The gospel then mentions that after three days since burial, Judas' body was stolen from his grave, and then the rumors spread of Jesus being risen from the dead. When Jesus was informed in the third heaven about what happened, he prayed to God to be sent back to the earth, and descended and gathered his mother, disciples, and followers, and told them the truth of what happened. He then ascended back to the heavens, and will come back at the end of times as a just king.
This Gospel is considered by the majority of Christians to be late and pseudepigraphical; however, some academics suggest that it may contain some remnants of an earlier apocryphal work perhaps Gnostic, Ebionite or Diatessaronicredacted to bring it more in line with Islamic doctrine.
Some Muslims consider the surviving versions as transmitting a suppressed apostolic original. Some Islamic organizations cite it in support of the Islamic view of Jesus.
Representations and symbolism[ edit ] A red-haired Judas betrays Jesus with a kiss in a Spanish paso figure. The term Judas has entered many languages as a synonym for betrayer, and Judas has become the archetype of the traitor in Western art and literature. Judas is given some role in virtually all literature telling the Passion story, and appears in numerous modern novels and movies. In the Eastern Orthodox hymns of Holy Wednesday the Wednesday before PaschaJudas is contrasted with the woman who anointed Jesus with expensive perfume and washed his feet with her tears.
According to the Gospel of JohnJudas protested at this apparent extravagance, suggesting that the money spent on it should have been given to the poor. After this, Judas went to the chief priests and offered to betray Jesus for money.JESUS (English) Jesus Chooses His Disciples
The hymns of Holy Wednesday contrast these two figures, encouraging believers to avoid the example of the fallen disciple and instead to imitate Mary's example of repentance.
Also, Wednesday is observed as a day of fasting from meat, dairy products, and olive oil throughout the year in memory of the betrayal of Judas.
The prayers of preparation for receiving the Eucharist also make mention of Judas's betrayal: In paintings depicting the Last Supper, Judas is occasionally depicted with a dark-colored halo contrasting with the lighter halos of the other apostles to signify his former status as an apostle.
More commonly, however, he is the only one at the table without one. In some church stained glass windows he is also depicted with a dark halo such as in one of the windows of the Church of St John the Baptist, Yeovil.
Judas hangs himself Judas is the subject of one of the oldest surviving English ballads, which dates from the 13th century. In the balladthe blame for the betrayal of Christ is placed on his sister. He is one of three sinners deemed evil enough to be doomed to an eternity of being chewed in the mouths of the triple-headed Satan the others being Brutus and Cassiusthe assassins of Julius Caesar.
After authorizing the crucifixion, Pilate suffers an agony of regret and turns his anger on Judas, ordering him assassinated. The story within a story appears as a counter-revolutionary novel in the context of Moscow in the s—s.
It was included in Borges' anthology, Ficcionespublished inand revolves around the main character's doubts about the canonical story of Judas who instead creates three alternative versions.
The episode's main character, played by Berry Kroegerrecites the fate of Judas from Matthew In Martin Scorsese 's film The Last Temptation of Christbased on the novel by Nikos KazantzakisJudas Iscariot's only motivation in betraying Jesus to the Romans was to help him accomplish his mission by mutual agreement, making Judas the catalyst for the event later interpreted as bringing about humanity's salvation. Stead 's novel My Name Was Judas, Judas, who was then known as Idas of Sidon, recounts the story of Jesus as recalled by him some forty years later.
In the original concept album, the role is sung by Murray Head. In the original Broadway production, Judas was portrayed by Ben Vereen. In the film adaptationJudas is portrayed by Carl Anderson.