US needs to understand India Russia defence ties - Livemint
One cannot overemphasize how destructive Countering America's Adversaries through Sanctions Act would be for the US-India relationship. Ahead of Russian President Vladimir Putin's India visit next month, Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has clearly indicated that India will not. While 11 of the 12 prescribed sanctions will have little or no effect on India- Russia defence relations, the twelfth, unless waived, has the potential to completely.
I am talking, of course, about Ukraine and Pakistan, respectively. These two artificial constructs are trying to build their historical legitimacy purely on the basis of Russophobia and Indophobia. Pakistan is to India what Ukraine is to Russia. And, conversely, Ukraine is to Russia what Pakistan is to India. Both of those failed states are economically bankrupt, and both would have already ceased to exist, were it not for the military-political and economic assistance they receive from extra-regional powers.
The third similarity is that both the Indian and Russian military-political situation can be described as "strategic solitude". Neither country is a member of a military bloc and neither aspires for such membership. Strictly speaking, Russia is the leading member of the Collective Security Treaty Organization - but the military value of most of its formal CSTO allies is negligible.
As for the two CSTO members that are not military midgets - Belarus and Kazakhstan - their loyalty as allies is questionable at best. Both India and Russia advocate a new poly-centric international system. They both oppose the idea of a world dominated by a single superpower.
US needs to understand India Russia defence ties
At the same time, there has been a clear trend in recent years whereby India and Russia are being attracted by the pull of two opposite centers of gravity in the nascent bi-polar world.
America's policy of trying to isolate Russia and thwarting Russian attempts to remedy the geopolitical consequences of the national catastrophe that befell the country in is already resulting in a fairly unnatural state of affairs: Russia is turning into a Chinese satellite. It may appear to some that these two trends, if continued, should eventually lead to India and Russia becoming members of two rival alliances - which would obviously be bad for their defense technology relationship.
In actuality, however, the formation of a bi-polar Sino-American world should be a major incentive for our two countries to forge a closer relationship. In truth, it does not even matter whether America and China treat each other as rivals or partners in that bi-polar world.
It’s time India got real about its ties with Russia | analysis | Hindustan Times
If Washington and Beijing prefer to work together, the case for a closer Indian-Russian relationship becomes even more clear-cut. India and Russia are too big and too powerful to play second fiddle to any global superpower.
In view of their history, potential, and ambitions, both aspire for the role of dominant regional actors at the very least. After the tsunami inIndia was looking to purchase an amphibious ship for humanitarian assistance and disaster relief.
Many enabling agreements between the US and India have been on the table. While it appears that the defence relationship is progressing satisfactorily, there have been challenges on both sides. Issues in the Indian procurement process like offsets, transfer of technology ToT and protracted timelines are proving to be deterrents for the US manufacturers.
India has its own versions of problems with the US regarding offsets, ToT, and licensing.
It’s time India got real about its ties with Russia
However, despite the challenges, the relationship was flourishing, until Caatsa came into effect. The Indian Armed Forces are dependent on Russia for various joint ventures to continue operating, supply of spares, maintenance repair and overhaul, and upgrades. The Caatsa issue arises because India wants to buy S surface-to-air missile system from Russia to counter the S of China. One cannot overemphasize how destructive Caatsa would be for the US-India relationship.
The multitude of defence engagements established over the past decade will be lost. There have been mounting concerns in India over the US sanctions against Russian defence majors, including Rosoboronexport, as billions of dollars of military purchases may be impacted because of the punitive measure. CAATSA mandates the Donald Trump administration to punish entities engaging in significant transaction with the defence or intelligence establishment of Russia.
India wants to procure the long-range missile systems to tighten its air defence mechanism, particularly along the nearly 4,km-long Sino-India border. InIndia and Russia signed an agreement on the 'Triumf' interceptor-based missile system which can destroy incoming hostile aircraft, missiles and even drones at ranges of up to km. S is known as Russia's most advanced long-range surface-to-air missile defence system.
China was the first foreign buyer to seal a government-to-government deal with Russia in to procure the lethal missile system and Moscow has already started delivery of unknown number of the S missile systems to Beijing.