Global Connections . U.S. Foreign Policy | PBS
Although the Middle East produces a quarter of world oil supplies, it holds between Moreover, many commentators, frustrated with the tension in relations . For them, the "pivot to Asia" looks increasingly like a retreat from the Middle East. To some extent, the tensions in the American-Gulf relationship are structural. Itamar Rabinovich served as Israel's ambassador to the United States and as chief negotiator with Syria from to He holds.
Entering the Middle East For most of the 20th century and now into the 21st, the U. In the Middle East, the U.
This Is America’s Middle East Strategy on Steroids
The League soon handed down a series of mandates laying out the colonial boundaries of the Middle East in the territories of the now-defunct Ottoman Empire. These boundaries continue to shape many of the region's political realities.
- United States foreign policy in the Middle East
Nationalists cited President Wilson's Fourteen Points Proposal for ending the war, which enshrined the principle of self-determination, in justifying their demands for self-representation.
After the war, the U.
The GCC-U.S. Relationship: A GCC Perspective
All wanted complete independence, but if that was impossible, they hoped for supervision by the U. It acted to support what it saw as its national interests, the most important being fighting the Communists during the Cold Warensuring a steady supply of oil, and making sure that no single power dominated the region.
More recently, it added fighting terrorism. After Washington turned down his request for assistance to build the Aswan High DamNasser nationalized the Suez Canal in to pay for the dam construction.
Nasser's nationalization of the Suez Canal was met by a joint attack on the Canal and Sinai peninsula by Britain, France, and Israel, but they were forced to withdraw by the United Nations, with U. Egyptian president Anwar Sadat and U. He tried to institute many Western social reforms by decree, and his secret police, SAVAKviciously silenced opposition voices.
A Islamist revolution against the Shah's regime swept a new kind of Islamic state into power, the Islamic Republic of Iran, governed by Islamic jurists and scholars. The popular hatred of the Shah also tarred his American supporters, and the revolution's anti-American passion led to the storming of the U. Embassy in Tehran, where 53 hostages were held for more than a year.
Far from disengaging from the region, President Donald Trump has if anything doubled down on U. He has moved the U. For a more accurate and measured view of this problem, see Paul Pillar here.
Trump has reversed that approach, and some observers now fear that war is where he or his chief advisors wants to go. Ladies and gentlemen, this policy is not withdrawing from the region. In Egypt, Sisi has crushed any hope of democracy, killing protestors and imprisoning hundreds if not thousands of dissidents, mostly on dubious grounds. Although the Egyptian economy has improved, corruption remains rampantand the government has recently imposed ominous new restrictions on freedom of expression.
Trump clearly has a soft spot for strongmen and is obviously untroubled by corruption, but is this really the sort of government the United States should be backing to the hilt? Meanwhile, Israel continues its rightward march away from democracy and toward apartheid, as settlements in the occupied territories continue to grow and as dozens of Palestinian civilians are gunned down on the Gaza border.
Even longtime supporters of Israel are increasingly alarmed by its current trajectory, and some of them—including my old editor and sometime antagonist David Rothkopf—are saying so openly. And while the U. Why is Qatar willing to risk its close relationship with the U. And why has the U.
United States foreign policy in the Middle East - Wikipedia
Such a hyperactive foreign policy is very unusual for a small state like Qatar. The announcement helped stem the rout in the lira, which lost a third of its value in a month. It was followed by a so-called currency swap agreement that will allow Turkey to bypass the U. While Iran and several Arab countries including Kuwait have expressed opposition to the U.
So far, the U.