The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere and Some Other Guys | Smart News | Smithsonian
As the poem which immortalized Paul Revere tells it, there was nobody have been “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere, William Dawes and. Paul Revere and William Dawes were the two main riders during the Midnight Post-Lexington: After meeting up with Adams and Hancock, Revere and Dawes. They were Paul Revere, Samuel Prescott, Israel Bissell, William Dawes, and Sybil Afterwards, after meeting up with William Dawes and Samuel Prescott, the.
The cannons remained in active service throughout the revolutionary war. Dawes also injured his arm during the break-in and was attended to by fellow patriot Dr. Joseph Warren but, due to the illegal nature of the event, Dawes thought it best not to tell Warren how the injury happened. It was suspected that the destination of the troops would be Concord, where stores of war material were gathered, and in the vicinity of which were Hancock, Adams and other Revolutionary leaders.
On the afternoon of the day before the attack, Gen. Warren learned that the British were about to start. Revere crossed the Charles river by boat and rode from Charlestown through Somerville, Medford, Arlington and Lexington. Dawes traveled a longer distance than Revere, going south across Boston neck to Roxbury, then west and north through Brookline, Brighton, Cambridge and Lexington, covering a total of 17 miles in three hours. Within minutes, he was at the British guardhouse on Boston Neck, which was on high alert.
William Dawes: The Forgotten Midnight Rider – History of Massachusetts Blog
According to some accounts, Dawes eluded the guards by slipping through with some British soldiers or attaching himself to another party. Other accounts say he pretended to be a bumbling drunken farmer.
The simplest explanation is that he was already friendly with the sentries, who let him pass. However Dawes did it, he made it in the nick of time.
Shortly after he passed through the guardhouse, the British halted all travel out of Boston.
- William Dawes: The Forgotten Midnight Rider
- Revere and Dawes warn of British attack
- Paul Revere and William Dawes
Dawes finally met up with Revere at the Hancock-Clarke house in Lexington, where Hancock and Adams were staying, around After warning Hancock and Adams of the approaching army, Revere and Dawes mounted their horses again and set off for Concord, running into Dr.
Samuel Prescott along the way. Hancock-Clarke House, Lexington, Mass, in Rebecca Brooks Prescott decided to join them on their trip but the three riders soon encountered a British patrol around 3 a.
We were overtaken by a young Doctor Prescott, whom we found to be a high Son of Liberty. I told them of the ten officers that Mr. Devens met, and that it was probable we might be stopped before we got to Concord; for I supposed that after night, they divided them selves, and that two of them had fixed themselves in such passages as were most likely to stop any intelligence going to Concord. We had got nearly half way. I was about one hundred rod a head, when I saw two men, in nearly the same situation as those officer were, near Charlestown.
Unfortunately, Dawes had halted his horse so suddenly that he was bucked off it. His whereabouts for the rest of the night are unknown.
Dawes reportedly later joined the Continental army in Cambridge and some sources state he fought at the Battle of Bunker Hill in June, He also moved his family to Worcester, sometime during the ongoing Siege of Bostonwhere he was later appointed commissary. According to the book History of the Military Company of the Massachusetts, when a group of captured British and Hessian soldiers that had been looting Worcester along their march were brought to Dawes for their daily rations, Dawes deliberately shortchanged them out of revenge: When at Worcester, indeed, they themselves were robbed, though in another way.
One Dawes, the issuing commissary, upon the first company coming to draw their rations, balanced the scales by putting into that which contained the weight of a large stone. When that company was gone unobserved by the Germans, but not by all presentthe stone was taken away before the next came: Why should I ask?
The reason is clear — My name was Dawes and his Revere.
The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere and Some Other Guys
The shadows of night fell cold and gray As I rode, with never a break or a pause; But what was the use, when my name was Dawes! History rings with his silvery name; Closed to me are the portals of fame. No one has heard of me because He was Revere and I was Dawes. Sadly, not only have historians forgotten about Dawes but even some of his own peers forgot his name, according to an article on the History Channel website: Even the real location of his grave has been forgotten.
John Wilson and Son, Legend of the Third Horseman. Men like William Prescott, Israel Putnamand Artemis Ward took command of the Boston bands of militia and Paul Revere went on to have a relatively unknown rest of the war.The True Story of the Midnight Ride of Paul Revere
School kids still memorize it as fact and have been told that is how the story really went. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow should not be blamed for creating bad history.
His intentions were to use the past to promote courage in the present. He created a fictional account of the ride to drum up support for the Civil War and could have never imagined that his poem would be cited as historical fact.
It goes to show how ignorant folks were back then of the ride and that until the poem Paul Revere was not a well-known figure outside of Boston. Another name lost in history, Warren was the primary military leader during the early days of Boston and had many connections. He chose the riders for that night and understood how the strengths of each man that was chosen.
Both men had similar tasks, but were required to execute them differently. Revere was a connector. He was well-known in the community and participated in many rebel groups such as the Sons of Liberty. He knew the local militia extremely well and had a firm grasp of the terrain. He was courageous, insubordinate, and a dedicated patriot. It seems as though he knew everyone and that knowledge allowed him to trigger multiple riders. He was given the northern route which took him through Charleston, Medford, and eventually to Lexington.
Dawes was equally brave and dedicated to the patriot cause, but was not the connector that Paul Revere was. He was a tanner and his business frequently took him through the southern route. He not only knew the terrain, but he probably knew the British sentry guards that patrolled the area and they knew him.
Unlike Revere, he was not as involved in the grassroots of the revolution, but was a convenient choice for Warren.
His ability to navigate through the southern route without detection was a feat in and of itself. Compare and Contrast Northern vs. Dawes took the land route out of Boston through the Boston Neckleaving just before the British military sealed off the town.
The Midnight Ride of William Dawes - HISTORY
Warren, Paul Revere arranged for another rider waiting across the Charles River in Charlestown to be told of the army's route with lanterns hung in Old North Church. To be certain the message would get through, Revere rowed across the river and started riding westward himself.
Later, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow 's historically inaccurate poem " Paul Revere's Ride " would focus entirely on Revere, making him a composite of the many alarm riders that night. Dawes and Revere arrived at the Hancock-Clarke House in Lexington about the same time, shortly after midnight.
The Midnight Ride of William Dawes
Revere arrived slightly earlier, despite having stopped to speak to militia officers in towns along the way, as his route was shorter and his horse faster. After warning Adams and Hancock to leave, Revere and Dawes proceeded to Concord in case that was the British column's goal.
Revere no doubt knew that the Provincial Congress had stored munitions there, including the cannon which Dawes had helped to secure. Along the way, the two men met Samuel Prescotta local young physician, who joined them.
A squad of mounted British officers awaited on the road between Lexington and Concord. They had already arrested some riders heading west with news of the troops, and they called for Dawes, Revere, and Prescott to halt.
The three men rode in different directions, hoping one would escape. Dawes, according to the story he told his children, rode into the yard of a house shouting that he had lured two officers there.
Fearing an ambush, the officers stopped chasing him. Dawes's horse bucked him off, however, and he had to walk back to Lexington.