CORRELATION OF EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL BEING AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN SELECTED COLLEGES IN MANGALORE. Abstract. This paper explores the relationship between emotional intelligence and psychological well- being among hearing-impaired students. Emotional. significant positive correlation with the variable of Psychological Wellbeing Keywords: Trait Emotional Intelligence, Psychological Wellbeing, Drug Addicts.
The term alexithymia from the Greek meaning no words or feeling was used to refer to psychiatric patients who are unable to appraise and then verbally express their emotions. Since then certain physiological explanations for alexithymia have been proposed, among them that it may be due to blocking of impulses from the right to the left hemisphere at the corpus callosum or to a disconnection between limbic systems and higher cortical activities.
Although such theorizing has been interesting, associated operationalization does not yet bear on such physiological theories.Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotional Intelligence
Operationalizations have, however, been provided for emotional expression. Accordingly, the psychiatrists were finding treatment of these patients difficult due to lack of emotional awareness and externalized style of living in which behavior was guided by rules and regulations rather than feelings.
Research as in [ 2 ] found that alexithymia has also been associated with substance abuse, eating, disorders, post-traumatic stress disorders, and psychosomatic disorders. According to them, alexithymia has been associated with a number of health problems including influamatory bowl disease, hypertension and gastrointestinal disorders. On account of this, an inverse association should exist between the constructs of alexithymia and emotional intelligence.
Certainly, one would hypothesize that those individuals who suffer from alexithymia likewise should also have very low emotional intelligence as well as psychological wellbeing. Previous work like [ 4 ] posits that the person with emotional intelligence can be thought of as having attained at least a limited form of positive mental health and wellbeing. These individuals are aware of their own feelings and those of others.
They are open to positive and negative aspects of internal experience, are able to recognize them, and when appropriate, communicate them.
Imperatives of Emotional Intelligence On Psychological Wellbeing among Adolescents
Such awareness will often lead to the effective regulation of affect within themselves and others, and so contribute to health and psychological wellbeing.
Consequently the emotionally intelligent individual is often a pleasure to be around and also leaves others and groups feeling better. Emotional intelligence is appreciative of the fact that temporarily hurt feelings or emotional restraint is often important in the service of a greater objective [ 5678910111213 ]. Statement of the Problem Many problems in adjustment may arise from deficit in emotional intelligence. Managing emotions like anger, anxiety and even happiness is critical to psychological wellbeing.
People who do not have the capacity to regulate their own emotions may become slaves to them. Also individuals who make others feel unhappy or badly in certain situations may be perceived as cloddish or oafish and ultimately be hated.
A more common problem involves people who cannot recognize emotions in themselves and are therefore unable to plan lives that fulfill them emotionally. Hypotheses The following hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0. EI has no significant effect on psychological wellbeing. EI has significant effect on psychological wellbeing.
Literature Review Literature in [ 14 ] opines that the importance of emotional expression for survival and second adaptation influenced the development of an EI model, which also stresses the importance of emotional expression and views the outcome of emotionally and socially intelligent behavior in terms of effective and successful adaptation.
He hypothesized that effective emotional and social functioning should eventually lead to an overall sense of psychological wellbeing.
To enjoy a reasonable level of psychological wellbeing an individual needs to be emotionally and socially intelligent and therefore be able to effectively understand and express himself or herself, relate well with and understand others and to successfully cope with daily demands, challenges and pressures and also express feelings and thoughts nondestructively.
Several studies have found that emotional intelligence can have significant influence on various elements of living. For example, further study as in [ 16 ] reports that higher emotional intelligence was a predictor of life satisfaction.
Additionally, work as in [ 17 ] found that people higher in emotional intelligence were also more likely to use an adoptive defense style and thus exhibit healthier psychological adaptation.
Relationships between psychological well-being, emotional intelligence and personality
Results as in [ 18 ] opine that higher emotional intelligence correlated significantly with higher parental warmth and attachment style, while others like in [ 2 ] found that those scoring high in EI show increased positive interpersonal relationships among children, adolescents, and adults [ 1019 ] likewise negative relationships have been identified between emotional intelligence and problem behaviour. Experiment in [ 22 ] found that lower emotional intelligence was associated with violent and trouble-prone behavior among college students.
They report that use of illegal drugs and alcohol, as well as increased participation in deviant behaviours i-e involvement in physical fights and vandalism are correlated to low emotional intelligence.
In a study of 15 male adolescents sex offenders years old it was found that sex offenders have difficulty in identifying their own and others feelings, two important elements of emotional intelligence. Empirical study as in [ 20 ] found that the average intelligence quotient IQ for children are on the increase around the world.
The reasons include better nutrition, good educational facilities, computer literacy and smaller family size. EI develops with age and experience from childhood to early adulthood.
- Human Resource Management Journal
For this reason, and may be because of that, of the study of emotional resources as a helpful skills in the aging process start much later. The vast majority of studies have focused on samples of adolescents and young adults. Actually more recent research on EI has extended the adult age range to include older adults. Those studies have found that elderly have significantly higher scores than young adults in EI.
The study revealed only age differences between young and middle aged adults, and between young and older adults. There were as well higher levels of EI among middle aged and older adults.
This positive relationship between age and EI might be explained due to the lifelong learning the accumulated knowledge and experience acquired in life.
In the contrary there are some other aspects susceptible to decline with age such as physical health, income and cognitive capacities. We conducted a non-systematic review. Some of the most interesting findings are summarized below. Emotional intelligence and psychological functioning The relationship between EI and psychological functioning has been analyzed in an important number of studies.
These studies have indicated that EI is associated with a higher degree of life satisfaction. Perceived EI is the ability to pay attention to emotions, to understand and regulate them. In this study, the emotional clarity and repair dimensions of perceived EI predicted life satisfaction and positive affect in a sample with age ranging from 50 to 90 years old.
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According to this, a longitudinal study showed that emotional clarity and repair predicted psychological well-being and that, conversely, attention to feelings the third component of the perceived EI forecast emotional distress.
Previous research with young and middle aged people has shown a positive association. That is to say that higher EI is related to increased social support 21 and better quality of social and marital relationships. These emotional competencies are thought to be important for social interaction. These findings indicate that higher EI is linked to better physical health; both subjectively and objectively reported.
This is a population that must cope with different physical challenges related to the ageing process.