What's Worse than Being an Atheist? Being a Socialist
That said, I think the following excerpt does a fantastic job of explaining the relationship between Hitchens' atheism and the socialism of his. Being an atheist can really change your perspective on a lot of things, Worst of all, the income gap between the wealthy and poor has. This is not to say that there are religious socialists, but I noticed that the majority of socialists (indlucing social democrats) I have met and.
State atheism in the Soviet Union was known as gosateizm. During the late 19th century and also when Albania became a state, religions were suppressed in order to better unify Albanians. This nationalism was also used to justify the communist stance of state atheism between and Religion in the People's Republic of China[ edit ] Further information: Religion in China The People's Republic of China was established in and for much of its early history maintained a hostile attitude toward religion which was seen as emblematic of feudalism and foreign colonialism.
Houses of worship, including temples, mosques and churches, were converted into non-religious buildings for secular use.
However, this attitude relaxed considerably in the late s with the end of the Cultural Revolution. The Constitution of the People's Republic of China guaranteed "freedom of religion" with a number of restrictions. Since the mids, there has been a massive program to rebuild Buddhist and Taoist temples that were destroyed in the Cultural Revolution. And there is some religious minorities being persecuted to this day, such as the Uighur muslims and the Falun Gong. The Christian and Muslim communities were among the most persecuted as well.
The Roman Catholic cathedral of Phnom Penh was razed. The Khmer Rouge forced Muslims to eat pork, which they regard as an abomination. Many of those who refused were killed.Carl Sagan on Religion
Christian clergy and Muslim imams were executed. Oppression of religious groups was nearly totally ended and relations between religious groups and the People's Republic of Kampuchea were much more neutral throughout its existence until the restoration of the monarchy a decade later.
Religion in Laos[ edit ] In contrast with the brutal repression of the sangha undertaken in Cambodiathe Communist government of Laos has not sought to oppose or suppress Buddhism in Laos to any great degree, rather since the early days of the Pathet Lao communist officials have sought to use the influence and respect afforded to Buddhist clergy to achieve political goals while discouraging religious practices seen as detrimental to Marxist aims.
Such elements include, for example, no clergy and themes that relate to mutualismlibertarian socialism and democratic confederalism.
Communism and Abrahamic religions[ edit ] Communism and Christianity[ edit ] Main article: Christian communism Nothing is easier than to give Christian asceticism a Socialist tinge. Has not Christianity declaimed against private property, against marriage, against the State?
Has it not preached in place of these, charity and poverty, celibacy and mortification of the flesh, monastic life and Mother Church?
Christian Socialism is but the holy water with which the priest consecrates the heart-burnings of the aristocrat. It is a theological and political theory based upon the view that the teachings of Jesus Christ compel Christians to support communism as the ideal social system.
- The intertwined atheism and socialism of Christopher Hitchens
- How socialism helped to seed the landscape of modern religion
- What's Worse than Being an Atheist? Being a Socialist
Although there is no universal agreement on the exact date when Christian communism was founded, many Christian communists assert that evidence from the Bible suggests that the first Christians, including the Apostlescreated their own small communist society in the years following Jesus' death and resurrection.
Especially in France, socialists found religion integral to their political vision. After the midth century, socialists even became founders of new spiritualist occultist religious movements. The role of socialism as a secularising force in the 19th and 20th centuries was coincidental, and not inherent to socialism itself. In fact, socialists had a vital and productive relationship with religion. However, that is simply not the case.
Many early socialists looked to religion for ways to define society according to principles both religious and socialist. They saw the Enlightenment, and the French Revolution, as needing correction against a tendency to materialism, atheism and egoistic individualism.
In this perfect society, a class of priests would maintain social harmony.
Marxism and religion
It was in this atmosphere that the appearance of spiritualism caused a sensation. Sincesimilar phenomena had caused a stir in France and Germany. Socialists, especially Fourierists, welcomed spiritualism, in part because it had emerged from US socialism and incorporated theories about universal harmonies and attractions, natural forces and spiritual regeneration conducive to socialism.
In the s, numerous socialist veterans became leading spiritualists. At the same time, vehement debates about the future of socialism raged.
Are Atheism and Socialism a Package Deal? | Tough Questions Answered
The Revue philosophique et religieuse, an attempt to revive socialism in its July Monarchy vein, is an example of the clash between veteran socialists and their critics.
The latter included the socialist Zionist Moses Hess. The fronts were clear: Alphonse-Louis Constant, a clergyman who in the s became notorious for his extreme radicalism, was another mystically inclined socialist.