What Does Gender Equality Have to Do with Global Poverty?
Mar 10, Women's poverty levels are at the centre of political discussions around These discussions often fail to take account of the complex relationship between gender and neglect of the processes generating poverty and inequality, or which . This work by British Politics and Policy at LSE is licensed under a. Mar 10, While we work to ensure that these goals and targets are good enough, we Women and girls are hardest hit by the effects of extreme poverty. Sep 1, challenges inherent in this type of work, including a need to better connect how sector-specific Graph 1 examines the relationship between gender inequality ( measured Graph 1- Gender Inequality and Extreme Poverty*.
Soon after, she started attending college while also working as a server in restaurants. The evening care program at Bright Beginnings made it possible for her to juggle both school and work.
Bright Beginnings also hosted a job fair for parents of its students; Debra landed a job as a teller at a Bank of America branch. Programs like Bright Beginnings alleviate a major source of anxiety for homeless mothers by providing their children with a safe, secure, and nurturing learning environment while they try to stabilize their lives.
Unfortunately these types of programs are few and far between. InDebra graduated from the University of the Potomac with a degree in accounting. She hopes this will lead to a better job soon and finally put an end to the homelessness she has experienced for much of her adult life. Debra was lucky to enroll in a homeless program that provides child care. Policies in the United States simply have not kept up with the increasing participation of women in the workforce.
There continues to be a significant wage gap between men and women doing the same work. Women are also much more likely than men to work in low-paying jobs. Necessities such as child care are left to families to sort out. Many families must cobble together various childcare arrangements to ensure that their children are safe when they are too young to attend school.
High-quality care provided by trained professionals in early childhood development is expensive for all families. For low-income families, child care is often a major part of the family budget. Childcare subsidies can help, but these reach as few as one in six families that are eligible under federal law. Yet they more than pay for themselves. A study in Denmark, for example, found that the cost of government spending to support child care was outweighed by the contributions to the national tax base of women who could continue to work.
Gender Inequality and Poverty
Given this picture, what can be said about gender and a post agreement? It needs new thinking and new action. First, it's time for a wider debate. Too often policy ideas about inequality are dominated either by a focus on income inequalities, which tends to assume that everyone is the same apart from some randomly distributed differences in income missing out the ethnicity, geography or gender that are the source of income differencesor by lobbies for different groups: The post debate is a chance to join forces, change the conversation, and make it all about inequality and exclusion as the source of poverty and the problem to be tackled.
Second, and contradictorily, it's time to prise apart some cherished categories.
There are certain things that all women have in common, of course. But poor and excluded women probably have more in common with the poor and excluded men they live with than with the wealthy middle-class women who run things.
Gender and Poverty - Oxford Handbooks
There's no shame in admitting this — we don't lose points on gender if we admit that class, race and ethnicity also have a role — sometimes the primary role — in creating inequalities and exclusion. The new conversation has to be honest about what divides as well as what unites people. What type of agreement might follow from this thinking? In the past, advocacy and policy on inequality has tended to focus on identifying and working on behalf of a specific group who suffer a particular discrimination.
But for something as broad as a post agreement, that just won't work. It's not about making an agreement that works "for women" or "for ethnic minorities", but about creating incentives for governments to identify and tackle a range of inequalities.
That's ambitious, but it's worth the effort of rising to the challenge. This is a big opportunity to institutionalise a more accurate and mature understanding of inequalities into development policy and, let's hope, to change people's lives for the better.