The Value of Ergonomics How Ergonomics Improves Productivity | ErgoPlus
A study on the relationship between ergonomic work environments and productivity from a broad cross-section across North America found that absenteeism fell. There was no difference in frequency and severity of complaints or sick leave amongst the three They found no significant productivity differences between. Ergonomics improves employee engagement. It is often said that a happy staff is a productive staff. And this often entails strong relationships among the various.
Good ergonomics adapt the job to fit the person rather than forcing the person to fit the job. In an ergonomic workplace, tasks and tools are designed to fit individual capabilities and limitations so people can do their jobs without being injured.
Ergonomics has emerged as a hot issue because it shows the link between certain types of injuries and the ways in which people perform their jobs. We now realize that the human body can only stay in awkward or unnatural positions for so long without paying a price. The study of ergonomics, both in general and in terms of specific tasks and motions, has helped to identify what types of positions and movements can cause physical pain and injury, as well as ways to prevent these problems.
Office ergonomics is a way to effectively improve worker productivity. But the ergonomics we are talking about are much more than you might be thinking. With an ergonomic perspective we can increase workplace productivity while at the same time improving worker morale and welfare. That kind of synergistic, co-dependent improvement cycle is a hallmark of good and effective ergonomics.
Workplace Ergonomics Literature Review Leblebici analyzed the dimensions of workplace environment in terms of behavioral as well as physical components. The results of the study show that although the employees were not happy with the workplace physical conditions, they were highly satisfied with the behavioral conditions of the workplace. So according to the results it is proved that employee performance is affected by workplace environment but behavioral conditions has greater effect on employee performance.
A fully adjustable ergonomically designed assembly work station smart work station was used for the analysis. For this purpose ten college students five boys group and five girls group randomly assigned into three experimental conditions table adjustable, chair adjustable, and gender performed the assembly task. Performances of the participants assembling a product are: The regression model to measure the operator performance was built based on the experimental work using Minitab Statistical Software package.
The results shows that female are more productive than male and the fully adjustable ergonomically designed smart assembly work station was preferred by the operators. A sample of respondents consisting of both male and females of both teaching and non-teaching staff was taken.
Chi square and Gamma test were used to interpret the findings of the study. The study was based on primary data collected from educationists of various institutes in Pakistan. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection. The data was analyzed using the techniques of rank correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis.
All the findings were tested at 0. The study stated that comfortable and contented office design motivates and energized the employees to increase their performance. For this purpose 31 bank branches of 13 banks were contacted and studied. Primary data and a questionnaire were used to carry out the research. Comfortable and ergonomic office design motivates the employees and increases their performance substantially.
For better understanding on the topic, a real life office situation is evaluated based on the theory. Four factors of the office environment under which it has impact on employee productivity that are: All of these factors cannot be treated separately, as they connect with each other.
The office environment plays a very important role if the organization would like to maintain better productivity as many employees spend most of their time on generating activities in the office. Through literature reviews and internet searches, case studies that reported the benefits of ergonomics programs and control measures were collected and summarized.Ergonomia Y Productividad Ergonomics and Productivity Spanish Edition
Additional benefits reported were related to productivity, quality, turnover and absenteeism. The benefits reported were largely positive, and payback periods for ergonomics interventions were typically less than one year.
Then the software was fully activated for 10 people test groupand all personnel were monitored for an additional five-week period. There was no difference in total keystrokes between test and control groups. Results show that alerting users to take more short rest and break periods did not impair their overall keystroke and mouse use, but did improve their work accuracy. Economic analysis shows that the performance benefits alone that may accrue from using ergonomic work pacing software indicate a return on investment of around 3 months.
The existing workstations setups were studied to identify ergonomics problems related to human behavior, health condition, and equipment supplied. The company has supplied ergonomically designed tools and equipment which were used for the study, 20 ergonomically designed chairs and tables, 20 ergonomically designed computers, 20 keyboards and mouse pad, 20 back rests, 20 footrest, 20 wrists rest, 20 glare reflectors, 20 cushion chair lumber, and 20 cushion seats, computer filters.
A yearlong study was conducted on a sample group of 40 employees representing the whole company in term of workstation, work, and environment in relation with proper use of ergonomics facilities and methods. The investigation showed that improvement in the work environment is possible through the application of ergonomics principles and data.
The enhanced worker performance and satisfaction along with ergonomically designed computer workstation with proper arrangement and the right work environment and training can also improve occupational health and safety problems. The data utilized was based on surveys of individuals and based on individual characteristics such as income and wages etc. The results from the study showed that ergonomic interventions can lead to lower pain levels and increased productivity among office workers.
The study adopted the descriptive survey research design. The random sampling technique was used to select respondents.
A structured questionnaire with three sub-sections was used to collect data that were analyzed with mean values and simple percentages. Productive employees are highly efficient and effective in doing their job. However this can be possible only when employees have no distractions and are fully committed to company objectives and goals. Large number of employees blame problematic and faulty workplace for their unproductivity and dissatisfaction.
The objective of this study is to analyze the role and impact of workplace ergonomics on employee productivity. There are number of sectors such as manufacturing, agriculture and oil refineries that are analyzed for this study.
The Relationship between Ergonomics and Labor Productivity
But this research primarily focuses on the impact of ergonomics on employee productivity in services sector such as banking and educational institutions in Pakistan. In this research results and findings of related studies are analyzed. And since productivity is what translates to profit for a company the employer has a vital interest in it.
These ergonomic factors for the office worker directly impact their productivity, morale and welfare. If you get them right things will be good. If you get them wrong things can go terribly awry. The really good news is that most of this can be implemented with very little cost. This is usually accomplished through specialized tools or efficient systems. Perhaps more important than that, to overall productivity, is aptitude, or fitting the mental work to the worker. What are you good at doing?
What do you like doing? What do you like to do that you are good at?
Ergonomics: How To Increase Productivity And Lower Costs - ergoCentric
Also, the authors scrutinized the amount of exposure the workers had to the noise in order to determine any evidence for habituation.
In connection with the level of noise, the respondents were asked how they would improve their environment and to rate examples of improvements with regards to their job satisfaction and performance. The respondents expressed that their concentration was impaired by various components of office noise, especially telephones left ringing at vacant desks and people talking in the background.
The results showed no evidence for habituation to these sounds. The study claimed that there is a linkage between the physical comfort of the office environment and the effect on the productivity of the office occupants.
The author from his review literature established that there is enough evidence to buttress the claim that office comfort can affect productivity. However, it was revealed that there is no generally accepted definition of office comfort, and there is a clear lack of agreement as to how office comfort should be measured.
In Pakistan, Hameed and Amjah  investigated the impact of office design on employee productivity as a case of banking organisations of Abbottabad. The study used 31 bank branches of 13 banks to ascertain the relationship between office design and productivity. The results from the study exhibited that office design is a very important in terms of rising employee productivity. Comfortable and ergonomic office design was found to enhance employee performance.
This case in point prompted Lan et al. The participants were exposed to computerized neurobehavioural tests in the laboratory during which their physiological parameters including heart rate variation HRV and electroencephalograph EEG were also measured. It was found that respondents had to exert more effort to maintain their performance and they also had lower motivation to do work in the moderately uncomfortable environment as the workload imposed by tasks increased.
Applying convenient sampling technique, Mak and Lui  considered office workers in 38 air-conditioned offices to assess the impacts of sound on office productivity in Hong Kong. The study also determined the relationship between changes in office productivity and noise sources as well as five environmental and office design factors such as temperature, air quality, office layout, sound, and lighting.
The results revealed that sound and temperature were the principal factors affecting the office productivity. Again, there appeared to be a strong and significant correlation between changes in office productivity and sound, temperature, and office layout.
The study later used the mean productivity score of all respondents as a cut-off point to separate them into low-and high-productivity groups. It was found that noises from conversation, ringing phones and machines had a significant negative influence on all the respondents as there was a differed little in mean annoyance scores for the low- and high-productivity respondents.
The study also discovered that noises such as background noise, closing doors, and human activity, as well as those coming from both inside and outside the office easily influenced low-productivity respondents. Evidence from the study suggested that sound has a major influence on office productivity in modern air-conditioned offices.
In the situation of Ghana, Asante  studied the impact of office ergonomics on employee performance with 98 employees of Ghana National Petroleum Corporation. Also, few employees were found to have suffered musculoskeletal disorders which they attributed to their furniture. The researcher, therefore, asserted that Ghana National Petroleum Corporation was yet to leverage on its workplace environment as a means of motivating and enhancing the performance of its employees as the study identified substantial office ergonomic lapses.
Ergonomics and Productivity
Leblebici  considered 50 employees of a bank in Turkey to analyse the impact of workplace quality on employee productivity. The author evaluated the satisfaction of the employees towards the physical and behavioural environmental factors of the bank and found that employees were not satisfied with the physical factors which the bank has provided for them.
However, the employee the satisfaction towards the behavioural environmental factors was recorded to be remarkably high. Findings from the study proved that workplace environment affects employee performance, whilst behavioural workplace environment has a greater effect on employee performance.
In a cross-sectional study, Jayaweera  assessed the relationship between work environmental factors and job performance with work motivation using hotel workers in twenty five chain hotels in England. In addition, the study analysed the degree to which the relationship between elements of work environment and job performance is facilitated by work motivation.
It was found that there is a significant relationship work environmental factors and job performance, and also noted that work motivation facilitates the association between working conditions and job performance. Also, work motivation was found to have a significant influence on job performance of the hotel workers. The findings indicated the importance of working conditions and work motivation in explaining the job performance of hotel employees in the framework of work environmental conditions and job performance.
Research Design Concerning the research design, the study employed descriptive survey method. A descriptive survey method is regarded as a type of quantitative research, which incorporates a careful description of a phenomenon in question beginning with a theoretical or applied research problem, and ends with empirical measurements and data analysis Creswell, .
Its main purpose is to collect original data for describing or measuring the attitudes and orientation in a large population Babbie, . This method was relevant for this study in order to investigate the effect of ergonomics on employee productivity. The method was used because it allowed the researchers to ask many questions at one time, measure many variables, and test hypotheses in a single survey.
They consisted of workers in charge of butchering, trimming and supervision. Thus, the target population of the study was estimated at one hundred and thirty four personnel comprising fifty one 61 males and sixty three 73 who were at post during the period of the study. According to Sauders et al. However, considering the size of the target population for this study, the researchers intended to use all the one hundred and thirty four staff of the Raw Pack Section of Pioneer Food Cannery Limited as the sample size for conducting this study.
The primary data were obtained through the use of questionnaire adopted by Asante . The content of the research instrument was validated by subjecting it to a review by experts in the field. This helped in obtaining a critical assessment of the instrument in terms of appropriateness and adequacy.
The content of the instrument was equally cross-checked with the research objectives to ensure it covered all the areas of interest in the study. The questionnaires were later sent to all the Butchering and Trimming Line employees Raw Pack Section of Pioneer Food Cannery Limited with the aim of eliciting from them their responses on the impact of work ergonomics on the employee productivity. With the help of this tool, frequency, percentage, and correlation were used for data presentation and analyses.
Ethical Considerations In the conduct of this special study, the researchers took into cognizance the issues in research ethics to protect the interest of the respondents. The study commenced after the researchers sought the consent of the respondents. The respondents were informed about the purpose of conducting the study.
The respondents were also told that they were free to end their involvement at any time during the study. The anonymity of research participants was guaranteed as the questionnaire did not bear any means that will identify any of the respondents.
The study further analysed and interpreted the responses which formed the data without any link to a particular respondent. Confidentiality of the respondents was ensured by keeping data secured and using it only for the purpose of this study and its publication. Empirical Results and Analysis 4. Socio-Demographic Characteristics of Respondents The socio-demographic characteristics of respondents are presented in Table 1.
Socio-demographic characteristics of respondents. Sex Distribution of the Respondents The statistics shown in Table 1 indicates that These percentages were gotten from 61 males and 73 females respectively. This made the study devoid of gender inequality. Therefore, sex of respondents was useful as the researchers were able to know the gender balance so as to make constructive analysis devoid of gender disparity. Age Distribution of the Respondents Table 1 illustrates the that most data collected from the field and the respondents who participated in the survey and responded to issues raised had the majority of them, thus 60 The age of respondents helped the researchers to differentiate between the different categories of respondents.
Moreover, the majority of the respondents dominated by 30 - 39 years signifies that there are matured workers at the Raw Pack of Pioneer Food Cannery Limited and therefore decision-making is done effectively. Level of Education The statistics in Table 1 shows the analysis of the levels of education of the respondents.
However, the study discovered also that Length of Service Length of service in years is presented in Table 1. The study discovered that 18 The study asked if the employees were satisfied with the general design and workplace decor.
It was found that 7. A little less than half The respondents were also asked if they were satisfied with the size of space allocated for the Raw Pack section. In this present study, however, majority of the respondents On the contrary,