Cash Flow Statement - Operating, Investing & Financing Categories for Statement Purposes
Cash flow from financing activities shows investors the company's Cash flow from operating activities indicates the amount of cash that a. Statement of Cash Flows, also known as Cash Flow Statement, presents the over the period as classified under operating, investing and financing activities. The main categories found in a cash flow statement are the (1) operating activities, (2) investing activities, and (3) financing activities of a company and are .
The money coming into the business is called cash inflow, and money going out from the business is called cash outflow.
Classification of Cash Flows:
Operating activities[ edit ] Operating activities include the productionsales and delivery of the company's product as well as collecting payment from its customers. This could include purchasing raw materials, building inventory, advertising, and shipping the product.
Under IAS 7, operating cash flows include: Dividends received general reserves Examples of Investing activities are Purchase or Sale of an asset assets can be land, building, equipment, marketable securities, etc. Loans made to suppliers or received from customers Payments related to mergers and acquisition. Financing activities[ edit ] Financing activities include the inflow of cash from investors such as banks and shareholdersas well as the outflow of cash to shareholders as dividends as the company generates income.
Other activities which impact the long-term liabilities and equity of the company are also listed in the financing activities section of the cash flow statement. The line items under the investing activities section of the cash flow statement show the inflow and outflows of cash in long-term investments and assets. Video of the Day Brought to you by Techwalla Brought to you by Techwalla Relationship The relationship between the income and cash flow statements appears under the operating activities section of the cash flow statement.
This section uses information found on the income statement. Therefore, the cash flow statement is prepared after the income statement. The first account under the operating activities section is net income, which is the exact information presented on the income statement for the same period.
Understanding the Cash Flow Statement
The next line item after net income is depreciation expense, which also appears on the income statement. To ascertain the net cash amount from operating activities, the company deducts from net income the amount in the depreciation account and changes in certain accounts found on the balance sheet.
Considerations A difference exists between profitability and actual cash. Because the company must eventually pay the debt in full, it is important to have the self-discipline and professional integrity to set aside money to be able to do so. This type of loan is sometimes called the "lump sum" loan, and is generally repaid in less than a year.
Simple interest loans are those loans in which interest is paid on the unpaid loan balance. Thus, the borrower is required to pay interest only on the actual amount of money outstanding and only for the actual time the money is used e.
Statement of Cash Flows
Add-on interest loans are credit in which the borrower pays interest on the full amount of the loan for the entire loan period. Interest is charged on the face amount of the loan at the time it is made and then "added on". The resulting sum of the principal and interest is then divided equally by the number of payments to be made.
The company is thus paying interest on the face value of the note although it has use of only a part of the initial balance once principal payments begin. This type of loan is sometimes called the "flat rate" loan and usually results in an interest rate higher than the one specified.
Discount or front-end loans are loans in which the interest is calculated and then subtracted from the principal first. On a discount loan, the lender discounts or deducts the interest in advance. Thus, the effective interest rates on discount loans are usually much higher than in fact, more than double the specified interest rates.
Statement of Cash Flows - How to Prepare Cash Flow Statements
Balloon loans are loans that normally require only interest payments each period, until the final payment, when all principal is due at once. They are sometimes referred to as the "last payment due", and have a concept that is the same as the single payment loan, but the due date for repaying principal may be five years or more in the future rather than the customary 90 days or 6 months for the single payment loan. In some cases a principal payment is made each time interest is paid, but because the principal payments do not amortise pay off the loan, a large sum is due at the loan maturity date.
Amortised loans are a partial payment plan where part of the loan principal and interest on the unpaid principal are repaid each year. The standard plan of amortisation, used in many intermediate and long-term loans, calls for equal payments each period, with a larger proportion of each succeeding payment representing principal and a small amount representing interest.
The constant annual payment feature of the amortised loan is similar to the "add on" loan described above, but involves less interest because it is paid only on the outstanding loan balance, as with simple interest. Amortisation tables are used to determine the regular payment for an amortised loan.
The proper procedure for deriving a schedule as in table 3. Repeat the procedure for each of the years involved. Now attempt exercise 3.