Aachen Cathedral - Wikipedia
Palatine Chapel, Aachen Exterior view Interior view Throne of Charlemagne in the palace Wikimedia Commons has media related to Palatine Chapel in Aachen. .. Each building has clearly defined forms, frequently of very regular more. ..  Europe Battle of Canburg: The Franks under Charles the Younger, son of. May 5, His relationship with Charlemagne's daughter, Bertha, is well known. hierarchy of courtiers as he greets the eldest son, Charles, the “honor (decus) . Now the Aachen Rathaus, or city-hall, this space has retained its . Of the three structures examined in here, only the palatine chapel is extant, albeit with. perceived to be directly related to its degree of conformity to the visual effect of the chapel has quite clearly remained a compelling image in the post-medieval world, and of these medieval monuments, "the palatine chapel of Aachen appears in mais encore de son riche decor constitue de chapiteaux antiques de.
The large window frame dates from the Gothic period and replaced a smaller window from Carolingian times, which was probably structured as a mullion a double arch with a column in the centre.
Bronze and unprocessed quartz form the window itself. The function of the upstairs part of the west facade is not entirely clear.
Furthermore, in the western wall, under the great west window, there is a Fensetella small window even today, through which there is line of sight to the court below, the former atrium.
The lower, barrel-vaulted room in the west probably served as Charlemagne 's sepulchre after his death on 28 January and his burial in the Persephone sarcophagus. The floors of the western facade lying above this room were remodelled in the first half of the 14th century and in the 17th century; the tower was completed between and Choir[ edit ] Between andon the initiative of the Marienstift and the Mayor of Aachen Gerhard Chorus —a Gothic Choir was built to the east of the Octagon.
Discover Aachen, Charlemagne's capital city
Before this there must have been a rectangular Carolingian choir. The Gothic choir measures 25m in length, 13m wide and 32m high. This was conceived as a glass reliquary for the holy relics of Aachen and for the body of Charlemagne. The design is arranged on the model of the Sainte-Chapelle in Parislikewise a space for important relics and a royal palace chapel.
For protection of the vault of the choir, iron rods were built in at the time of construction, to counter the lateral force on the narrow stone supports and to allow as much space as possible between them for window space. Karlsschrein between and Eagle lectern with bat15th century Marienschreinamong the Aachen reliquaries. Ambon of Henry II on the south wall of the first choir bay Organ Side chapels[ edit ] Gathered around the octagon are several side chapels.
Clockwise from the southeast, they are: In the southeast, the Matthiaskapelle Chapel of St Matthewwhich was built in the late 14th century, at the same time as the choir which is next to it. The lower level of this was originally the narthex to one of the Cathedral gates, but later the doors were sealed and the room turned into a chapel.
South of the western facade is the Chapel of Hungary.
Discover Aachen, Charlemagne′s capital city | DW Travel | DW |
Originally a gothic side chapel as well, it was remodelled in the baroque style in the 18th century, following the plans of the Italian architect Joseph Moretti. It was formerly the burial place of the canons of Aachen cathedral. Throne of Charlemagne[ edit ] Main article: Throne of Charlemagne In the western gallery on the lower floor, opposite the choir, the Throne of Charlemagne is to be found, which has been the object of new investigations in the past decades.
The original Carolingian throne came from the spolia of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.
The appearance of the throne and its location in the Palatine Chapel did not change with the passage of centuries. Between andthirty one German kings ascended to this throne after their anointment and coronation at the Marienaltar Altar of Mary. They created spaces of fairy-tale beauty.
Only after 1, years! Statics, masonry, roof trusses, windows, mosaics - everything was put to the test. A total of 37 million euro was invested in the renovation work. For the masonry work alone, half a million mosaic tiles, only millimeter in size, had to be removed and reattached later.
To prevent the silhouette of the cathedral and the sight lines from being obstructed, it was given an official "buffer zone" in This also includes the Gothic town hall top left in the picturewhich was built on the foundations of the Carolingian imperial palace. And the Katschhof, the square between the cathedral and the town hall. Aachen's Christmas Market takes place here every year.European Travel Skills with Rick Steves
It pays tribute to individuals who have rendered outstanding services to Europe and European unification. Charlemagne is considered the "father of Europe", because at the height of his power his empire extended from the North Sea to central Italy, from the Pyrenees to present-day Hungary.
- Aachen Cathedral
- Palatine Chapel, Aachen
Expecting to see a grand, yet fairly standard, cathedral, I was pleasantly surprised by the real deal. The mix of Gothic, Ottonian and Carolingian architecture gave the cathedral a captivating look inside and out. Marble stone pillars with gold and blue mosaics adorned every inch of the high octagonal room.
The chapel makes use of ancient spoliaconceivably from Ravenna Einhard claimed they were from Rome and Ravennaas well as newly carved materials. The bronze decoration is of extraordinarily high quality, especially the doors with lions heads and the interior railings, with their Corinthian order columns and acanthus scrolls.
Palatine Chapel, Aachen (article) | Khan Academy
The dome was decorated originally with a fresco, and later with mosaic. In the Baroque period, it was replaced by stucco. The original mosaic was reproduced in the 19th century with the same iconography as the original. It depicts the twenty-four elders of the Apocalypse bearing crowns and standing around the base of the dome. Above the main altar, and facing the royal throne, is an image of Christ in Majesty.
The main entrance is dominated by a westwork comprising the western facade including the entrance vestibulerooms at one or more levels above, and one or more towers. These overlook the atrium of the church. The addition of a westwork to churches is one of the Carolingian contributions to Western architectural traditions.