Horton Hears a Who! - Wikipedia
Dr. Seuss is the most misunderstood staple of early education in America. San Diego: UC SanDiego Libraries, traitors, malevolently grinning as they gather TNT and "wait for the signal from home" ("'Said-A-Bird'" par. . The Mayor of Who-ville, who has rounded glasses very similar to those of Franklin Delano. (TV special) Horton Hears a Who! is a television special based on the Dr. Seuss Dr. Hoovey searches through town and finds a small Who named JoJo, who is .. to do a report on the famous Dr. Seuss, where she meets a strange character. .. Born in San Antonio, Texas, Burnett moved with her grandmother to . Alonzo Horton bought downtown for 33 cents an acre in and built a city.
Once he had established this steady source of income, he started his career as a children's author with And to Think that I Saw It on Mulberry Street! However, these harmless themes changed dramatically at the dawn of World War II.
Dan Fogler: Councilman, Yummo Wickersham
Seuss"but once he had developed this passion for political activism, it would carry into his work for the rest of his life. His first method of activism was through incredibly blunt political cartoons in the liberal periodical PM. According to Ralph Ingersoll, the editor of the magazine, PM's official stance was that they were "against people who push other people around, just for the fun of pushing, whether they flourish in this country or abroad" Minear Due to this outlook, the magazine proudly published Dr.
Seuss' editorial cartoons that denounced isolationists, Hitler, racism against African-Americans, and anti-Semitism. Sadly, despite all of these progressive foundations, it also published backwards pictures such as Seuss' "Waiting for the Signal From Home" cartoon see Figure 1. Seuss Went to War: A Collection of Political Cartoons.
- Fresh Writing
- Horton Hears a Who! (TV special)
UC SanDiego Libraries, This highly racially-charged cartoon portrays Japanese-Americans as stereotypically squinty-eyed, buck-toothed traitors, malevolently grinning as they gather TNT and "wait for the signal from home" "'Said-A-Bird'" par. In fact, most Japanese-American immigrants had left Japan to escape the militaristic regime of their ancestors and considered themselves Americans first and only Smith 1, 4. Interestingly, many Japanese-Americans were American-born citizens as distant from their Japanese heritage as Geisel from his own German roots Minear 9.
Seuss shamelessly took advantage of the obvious physical differences between the Japanese and the European Axis powers. While he showed sympathy for the German people in his cartoons and reserved the ridicule for Germany's leaders, the Japanese were always demonstrated by a generic, stereotypical Japanese caricature "'Said a Bird'" par.
UC San Diego Libraries, With these cartoons, Seuss postulated that anyone who looked Japanese or came from a Japanese background was anti-American and not to be trusted. He did not portray their leader or corrupted government as the threat, but each and every Japanese individual, a perspective that resulted in grave consequences.
Editorial cartoons and other extreme exaggeration by the media, known as 'Yellow Journalism,' increased anti-Japanese paranoia on the Western Coast. The mass hysteria that resulted led to discrimination, violence, raids, and, ultimately, the Japanese-American internment camps, in whichpeople were detained from Smith 3. The majority of Americans were already enraged at anyone of Japanese origin because of the attack on Pearl Harbor, and Dr. Seuss' cartoons in PM did nothing but contribute to the atmosphere of fear and suspicion.
In addition to his free-lance work, Dr. Seuss created anti-Japanese propaganda for the U. After having been repeatedly accused of driving America into a war he would no way fight "Children's Literature"Geisel enlisted in the Army inearning the title of Commander Captain Theodor Geisel of the Animation Department Schlumbohm par.
Private SNAFU clips were shown to educate the military, and they were also displayed to the public before each movie in every single movie theatre across the nation Rosato. This meant that the propaganda perpetuated in the films had a national audience and racism was given entertainment value. The short film "Spies" features depictions of Germans, Italians, and Japanese people, but there is an intentionally alienating distinction between the portrayal of the Europeans and the Japanese "Children's Literature" However, when the runty "Jap,"as the narrator refers to him, attempts to open the door, he is faced with a brawny American soldier three times his height, who stomps on his foot, causing the terrified "Jap" to scamper back into the ocean, yelling, "Ooh!
This example illustrates the breadth of stereotypes the cartoons would exploit, including physical and lingual, and the use of the derogatory term "Jap. Seuss aided the First Motion Picture Unit in spreading anti-Japanese propaganda to soldiers and citizens alike. Philip Nel, author of Children's Literature Goes to War, makes the important point that the use of propagandistic stereotyping in war is not surprising or uncommon; however, the hypocrisy of an otherwise actively anti-discriminatory cartoonist is surprising as well as unacceptable While it may not be right, it is a normal practice for a nation to capitalize on their monopoly on information distribution to dehumanize the enemy Rosato ; but that Dr.
Seuss would allow himself to become a tool for these means on such a shallow, racial level is disappointing, to say the least.
This disappointment brings us to the question: Some argue that Dr. Seuss still outfitted the villains of his later children's books with "Asiatic features" Rosatothus proving that he did not truly change, and, therefore, doesn't merit forgiveness.
However, this idea can be dismissed with the amendments he made to his work. Geisel addressed this issue, saying, "I had a gentleman with a pigtail. I colored him yellow and called him a Chinaman. That's the way things were fifty years ago. In later editions I refer to him as a Chinese man. I have taken the color out of the gentleman and removed the pigtail. This revision shows his commitment to owning up to and amending his past racist ideologies.
Others justify his work by purporting that he was not "as bad" as other cartoonists, because he only portrayed the Japanese as monkeys once, even though it was very common at the time to depict Japanese people as primates Dr. For example, the editorial cartoonist David Low published a piece for London's Evening Standard in that depicted an Asiatic monkey with the word "Jap" on its rear and a knife in its hand. Juxtaposed with Low, Seuss rarely sinks to the low of using animals to symbolize and thus dehumanize the Japanese These arguments propose that historical context, while it does not pardon his cartoons, makes them comparably less pernicious Minear The outlook of the society around Geisel may add clarification for his thought process, but it is not the only reason he deserves forgiveness.
No, the reason we should forgive Dr. Seuss is for the transformation he had regarding the Japanese later in the war and for the years to follow it.
Geisel's change of heart first manifested in films he made during and shortly after World War II. The first of these was Your Job in Japan. This instructional video for the military was written by Seuss in ; however, Seuss' version was quashed by General MacArthur because it was apparently "too sympathetic" Dr.
Two years later, Design for Death was put together by Seuss and his wife, Helen, and "'portrayed the Japanese people as victims of seven centuries of class dictatorship'" "'Said-A-Bird'" par.
It tells its audience that the Japanese were not inherently evil, just misinformed, and stresses the importance of helping countries that are at the mercy of authoritarian governments Minear Instead of vilifying the entirety of the Japanese people, Seuss now used Design for Death to send a very powerful message to America about the distinction between hostile governments and their suppressed civilians.
The film even won the Academy Award for the best feature-length documentary However, these movies were just the beginning of Dr. Seuss' attempt to convey his own conversion to the American public. The pinnacle of his transformation was through his book, Horton Hears A Who!. This story was written after Dr. It is the tale of Horton the elephant, whose keen hearing makes him aware of a civilization—Who-ville—existing on a tiny speck.
He hears a call for help coming from the dust speck and, thinking someone is living on it, saves it from going over a waterfall. Setting it on top of a clover, he discovers it is home to a tiny town called Whoville, home to the microscopic Whos. One of the Whos, scientist Dr. Hoovey replacing the Mayorcommunicates with Horton through a device he built to see other worlds outside of the speck.
The other Whos, however, only laugh at him, thinking nothing exists beyond their world. Horton promises to protect Whoville from harm, feeling that "a person's a person, no matter how small.
Horton Hears a Who! (TV special) | Revolvy
Thinking Horton's behavior is a problem, Jane sends the Wickersham Brothers to take the clover with the speck from him. They give the clover to the black-bottomed eagle Whizzer McWoff, who flies away with it. Horton pursues McWoff across the mountains below, but the eagle drops the clover into a large field of clovers and leaves Horton to find it.
Horton searches frantically through the field, eventually finding his clover, and learns from Dr. Hoovey that Whoville was badly damaged when the clover was dropped.
The other Whos, seeing the destruction as proof that Dr.