Honduras–United States relations - Wikipedia
Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations. Congressional Research Service. Summary. Honduras, a Central American nation of 9 million. U.S.-HONDURAS RELATIONS. Honduras is an ally of the United States, and its population registers some of the highest favorability ratings in. Honduras has a long, and not always beneficial, relationship with the United States. However, there are many scenarios in which the U.S. benefits from foreign.
How US policy in Honduras set the stage for today's migration
In the aftermath of the crisis, the Obama Administration determined that it was "in the national security interests of the United States" to work with Central American governments to improve security, strengthen governance, and promote economic prosperity in the region. Strategy for Engagement in Central America and requested significant increases in foreign assistance to support its implementation.
Although the Trump Administration has maintained the strategy, it also has sought to scale back—and occasionally threatened to cut off—foreign assistance for Honduras and its neighbors.
Many Members of the th Congress have been closely tracking the progress of U. This report analyzes political, economic, and security conditions in Honduras.
- Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations
- Honduras–United States relations
- U.S. Department of State
It also examines issues in U. Honduras at a Glance Leadership President: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. Map created by CRS. A number of studies have estimated that the indigenous and Afro-Honduran population is much larger than official statistics indicate. Politics and Governance Honduras has struggled with political instability and authoritarian governance for much of its history.
The military traditionally has played an influential role in politics, most recently governing Honduras for most of the period between and The country's current constitution—its 16th since declaring independence from Spain in —was adopted as Honduras transitioned back to civilian rule.
It establishes a representative democracy with a separation of powers among an executive branch led by the president, a legislative branch consisting of a seat unicameral national congress, and a judicial branch headed by the supreme court. In practice, however, the legislative process tends to be executive-driven and the judiciary is often subject to intimidation, corruption, and politicization.
Both traditional parties are considered to be ideologically center-right, 4 and political competition between them generally has been focused more on using the public sector for patronage than on implementing programmatic agendas.
Zelaya had been elected as a moderate member of the PL but alienated many within the political and economic elite by governing in a populist manner and calling for a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution.
The post-coup split among traditional supporters of the PL has benefitted the PN, which now has the largest political base in Honduras and has controlled the presidency and congress since Critics contend that the PN has gradually eroded checks and balances to consolidate its influence over other government institutions and entrench itself in power. Although the Honduran minister of justice and human rights asserted that the move was illegal and violated the independence of the judiciary, it was never overturned.
The Opposition Alliance and the PL denounced the TSE's delays and lack of transparency and alleged that the results had been manipulated. In the days and weeks following the election, many Hondurans took to the streets to protest against the alleged electoral fraud.
Crisis of Honduras democracy has roots in US tacit support for 2009 coup
They carried out a series of large-scale demonstrations and road blocks, and some individuals engaged in vandalism and looting. The "state of emergency," which OAS Secretary General Almagro deemed a "disproportionate" response to the situation, expired on December 9, High Commissioner for Human Rights OHCHRHonduran security forces used excessive force to disperse protests both during and after the state of emergency, injuring at least 60 individuals and killing at least 16 others.Honduras, a monster the US created
On December 22,the U. Both major opposition parties argue that the PN has shown no interest in a genuine dialogue and that any accords reached during the talks would be blocked by the Honduran congress, in which the PN holds 61 of seats, LIBRE holds 30 seats, the PL holds 26 seats, and five small parties that are largely allied with the PN hold 11 seats.
Facing significant domestic and international pressure, however, he negotiated a more limited arrangement with the OAS. According to the agreement, signed in Januarythe MACCIH is intended to support, strengthen, and collaborate with Honduran institutions to prevent, investigate, and punish acts of corruption.
It secured congressional approval for new laws to create anti-corruption courts with nationwide jurisdiction and to regulate the financing of political campaigns. These decades of U.
Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations - avesisland.info
In the post-Reagan era, Honduras remained a country scarred by a heavy-handed military, significant human rights abuses and pervasive poverty.
Still, liberalizing tendencies of successive governments and grassroots pressure provided openings for democratic forces. They contributedfor example, to the election of Manuel Zelaya, a liberal reformist, as president in He led on progressive measures such as raising the minimum wage. Post-coup Honduras The coup, more than any other development, explains the increase in Honduran migration across the southern U. The Obama administration has played an important role in these developments.
History of the U.S. and Honduras
This was contrary to the wishes of the Organization of American States, the leading hemispheric political forum composed of the 35 member-countries of the Americas, including the Caribbean. Several months after the coup, Clinton supported a highly questionable election aimed at legitimating the post-coup government. Strong military ties between the U. The frequent politically motivated killings are rarely punished.
Although its once sky-high murder rate has declined over the last few years, the continuing exodus of many youth demonstrates that violent gangs still plague urban neighborhoods. Government programs are aimed at promoting a healthy and more open economy capable of sustainable growth, improving the business and investment climate, protecting U. The United States works with Honduras to address transnational challenges--including the fight against transnational criminal networks, narcotics trafficking, money laundering, irregular migration, and trafficking in persons--and encourages and supports Honduran efforts to protect the environment.
An estimated 1 million Hondurans reside in the United States,of whom are believed to be undocumented; consequently, immigration issues are an important item on the bilateral agenda. With the inclusion of cruise ship visitors primarily visiting the Bay Islands Roatanmore than 1 million U. Assistance to Honduras U. Strategy for Engagement in Central America Strategy. Announced inthe Strategy is a comprehensive and robust partnership with Central American governments designed to: The Strategy is a multi-year effort for all seven Central American countries that builds off of previous successful partnerships and programs in the region.