Vladimir Lenin - Wikipedia
After Lenin's death, Trotsky was exiled for his opposition to Joseph Stalin's policies. Comrade Lenin has not left any “Testament”; the character of his relations to irrelevant moral criteria; and this, Trotsky says, amounts to believing in God. Read a brief biography about Lev 'Leon' Trotsy the Russian revolutionary. Discover facts about his grisly demise at the hands of Stalin - involving an ice pick. Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the name Lenin (April 22, of the anarchistic methods of his brother who had ties with the Narodnaya, . In response, Leon Trotsky, formerly a Menshevik but now moving closer to the .. needed to compensate for this by raising a man to the status of a god.
In Septemberthe Ulyanov family moved to the city of Samarawhere Lenin joined Alexei Sklyarenko 's socialist discussion circle. This Narodnik view developed in the s with the People's Freedom Party and was then dominant within the Russian revolutionary movement.
9 Things You May Not Know About Vladimir Lenin
The graduation celebrations were marred when his sister Olga died of typhoid. Inspired by Plekhanov's work, Lenin collected data on Russian society, using it to support a Marxist interpretation of societal development and counter the claims of the Narodniks.
Revolutionary activity of Vladimir Lenin Early activism and imprisonment: Petersburg and charged with sedition. In this work he noted that the rise of industrial capitalism in Russia had caused large numbers of peasants to move to the cities, where they formed a proletariat.
From his Marxist perspective, Lenin argued that this Russian proletariat would develop class consciousnesswhich would in turn lead them to violently overthrow Tsarismthe aristocracyand the bourgeoisie and to establish a proletariat state that would move toward socialism. He was granted a few days in Saint Petersburg to put his affairs in order and used this time to meet with the Social-Democrats, who had renamed themselves the League of Struggle for the Emancipation of the Working Class.
Deemed only a minor threat to the government, he was exiled to a peasant's hut in ShushenskoyeMinusinsky Districtwhere he was kept under police surveillance; he was nevertheless able to correspond with other revolutionaries, many of whom visited him, and permitted to go on trips to swim in the Yenisei River and to hunt duck and snipe.
She was initially posted to Ufabut persuaded the authorities to move her to Shushenskoye, claiming that she and Lenin were engaged; they married in a church on 10 July Published under the pseudonym of "Vladimir Ilin", upon publication it received predominantly poor reviews.
Lenin", and while the N did not stand for anything, a popular misconception later arose that it represented "Nikolai". Lenin, Soviet Power and the Status of Women Modern monopolist capitalism on a world-wide scale — imperialist wars are absolutely inevitable under such an economic system, as long as private property in the means of production exists.
9 Things You May Not Know About Vladimir Lenin - HISTORY
The Highest Stage of Capitalism We must display determination, endurance, firmness and unanimity. We must stop at nothing. Everybody and everything must be used to save the rule of the workers and peasants, to save communism. Lenin, Speech to Third All-Russia Congress of Textile Workers But the dictatorship of the proletariat cannot be exercised through an organisation embracing the whole of that class, because in all capitalist countries and not only over here, in one of the most backward the proletariat is still so divided, so degraded, and so corrupted in parts by imperialism in some countries that an organisation taking in the whole proletariat cannot directly exercise proletarian dictatorship.
Lenin, The Trade Unions, The Present Situation and Trotsky's Mistakes The Bolsheviks could not have retained power for two and a half months, let alone two and a half years, without the most rigorous and truly iron discipline in our Party.
Vladimir Lenin - New World Encyclopedia
How is it tested? How is it reinforced? First, by the class-consciousness of the proletarian vanguard and by its devotion to the revolution, by its tenacity, self-sacrifice and heroism.
Second, by its ability to link up, maintain the closest contact, and—if you wish—merge, in certain measure, with the broadest masses of the working people—primarily with the proletariat, but also with the non-proletarian masses of working people.
Third, by the correctness of the political leadership exercised by this vanguard, by the correctness of its political strategy and tactics, provided the broad masses have seen, from their own experience, that they are correct.
- Leon Trotsky
- Lenin Quotes
- Leon Trotsky (1879 - 1940)
An Infantile Disorder Russia achieved Marxism—the only correct revolutionary theory—through the agony she experienced in the course of half a century of unparalleled torment and sacrifice, of unparalleled revolutionary heroism, incredible energy, devoted searching, study, practical trial, disappointment, verification, and comparison with European experience.
An Infantile Disorder Thanks to the political emigration caused by tsarism, revolutionary Russia acquired a wealth of international links and excellent information on the forms and theories of the world revolutionary movement, such as no other country possessed.
An Infantile Disorder Bolshevism went through fifteen years of practical history unequalled anywhere in the world in its wealth of experience. During those fifteen years, no other country knew anything even approximating to that revolutionary experience, that rapid and varied succession of different forms of the movement—legal and illegal, peaceful and stormy, underground and open, local circles and mass movements, and parliamentary and terrorist forms.
Defeated armies learn their lesson. An Infantile Disorder Experience has proved that, on certain very important questions of the proletarian revolution, all countries will inevitably have to do what Russia has done. An Infantile Disorder Without such thorough, circumspect and long preparations [since ], we could not have achieved victory in Octoberor have consolidated that victory. A political leader who desires to be useful to the revolutionary proletariat must be able to distinguish concrete cases of compromises that are inexcusable and are an expression of opportunism and treachery.
He betrayed scores and scores of the best and most loyal comrades; he was obliged, with the other, to assist in the education of scores and scores of thousands of new Bolsheviks through the medium of the legal press. An Infantile Disorder All efforts and all attention should now be concentrated on the next step — the search after forms of the transition or the approach to the proletarian revolution. An Infantile Disorder One must not count in thousands, like the propagandist belonging to a small group that has not yet given leadership to the masses; in these circumstances one must count in millions and tens of millions.
An Infantile Disorder any army which does not train to use all the weapons, all the means and methods of warfare that the enemy possesses, or may possess, is behaving in an unwise or even criminal manner. This applies to politics even more than it does to the art of war. In he wrote a major treatise dealing with the fundamental questions of knowledge and directed against the essentially idealistic philosophy of MachAvenarius and their Russian followers, who tried to unite empiric criticism with Marxism.
On the basis of a deep and comprehensive study of science Lenin proved that the methods of dialectical materialism as formulated by Marx and Engels were entirely confirmed by the development of scientific thought in general and natural science in particular.
For many years he had followed closely the internal affairs of the most important capitalist States. His realistic imagination and political intuition often enabled him to reconstruct a complete picture from isolated phenomena. Lenin was always firmly opposed to the mechanical application of the methods of one country to another, and he investigated and decided questions concerning revolutionary movements, not only in their international interreactions, but also in their concrete national form.
The revolution of Feb. His attempts to reach Russia met with the decided opposition of the British Government. He accordingly decided to exploit the antagonism of the belligerent countries and to reach Russia through Germany. On the night of April 4, on leaving the train, Lenin made a speech in the Finlyandsky station in Petrograd.
He repeated and developed the leading ideas it contained in the days which followed. The overthrow of Tsarism, he said, was only the first stage in the revolution. The bourgeois revolution could no longer satisfy the masses. The task of the proletariat was to arm, to strengthen the power of the Soviets, to rouse the country districts and to prepare for the conquest of supreme power in the name of the reconstruction of society on a Socialist basis.
This far-reaching programme was not only unwelcome to those engaged in propagating patriotic Socialism, but even roused opposition among the Bolsheviks themselves. He foresaw that the distrust of the bourgeoisie and of the Provisional Government would grow stronger daily, that the Bolshevik party would obtain a majority in the Soviets and that the supreme power would pass into their hands.
The small daily Pravda became at once in his hands a powerful instrument for the overthrow of bourgeois society. The policy of coalition with the bourgeoisie pursued by the patriotic Socialists, and the hopeless attack which the Allies forced the Russian Army to assume at the front—both these roused the masses and led to armed demonstrations in Petrograd in the first days of July.
The struggle against Bolshevism became most intense. These purported to prove that Lenin was acting under the orders of the German general staff. The popular movement was crushed. The hounding of Lenin reached its height. The Bolsheviks obtained a majority in the Soviets of Petrograd and Moscow.
Lenin demanded decisive action to seize the supreme power, and on his side began an unremitting fight against the hesitations of the leaders of the party.
He wrote articles and pamphlets, letters, both official and private, examining the question of the seizure of supreme power from every angle, refuting objections and dispelling doubts.
The rising against the Provisional Government coincided with the opening of the second Congress of the Soviets on Oct. On that day, Lenin, after being in hiding for three and a half months, appeared in the Smolny and from there personally directed the fight. In the night sitting of Oct. The Bolshevik majority, supported by the left wing of the Socialist revolutionaries, declared that supreme power was now vested in the Soviets.
Thus Lenin passed straight from the log cabin where he had been hiding from persecution to the place of highest authority.