Anatomy of the Liver, Gallbladder & Pancreas - Digestive Disorders - avesisland.info
The gallbladder has close relationships with the other organs. The gallbladder is the link between the liver and digestion (spleen/stomach). Learn more about the kidney, pancreas, liver and gallbladder and what role each organ plays in your daily life and overall health. Humans can live without a spleen because other organs — such as the liver — can take over the spleen's function. However, people who have.
The white pulp tissue consists of immune cells T cells and B cells and helps the immune system fight infection. Size According to Medical News Today, a helpful tip to remember the size of the spleen is the 1x3x5x7x9x11 rule: An adult spleen measures around 1 inch by 3 inches by 5 inches. It weighs around 7 oz. It is located between the 9th and 11th ribs. If the spleen detects potentially dangerous bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms in the blood, it — along with the lymph nodes — creates white blood cells called lymphocytes, which act as defenders against invaders, according to the U.
National Library of Medicine. The lymphocytes produce antibodies to kill the foreign microorganisms and stop infections from spreading. Healthy blood cells can easily pass, but old or damaged red blood cells are broken down by large white blood cells. The spleen will save any useful components from the old blood cells, including iron, so they can be reused in new cells.
Liver, gallbladder, and spleen.
The spleen can increase in size in order to store blood. The organ can widen or narrow, depending on the body's needs. At its largest, the spleen can hold up to a cup of reserve blood. Spleen problems Some problems associated with the spleen are: Lacerated spleen or ruptured spleen According to Knowlton, spleen lacerations or ruptures "usually occur from trauma like a car accident or contact sports.
The Mayo Clinic reported that without emergency care, the internal bleeding could become life-threatening. On the continuum of spleen breakage, a laceration refers to a lower-grade extent of injury, in which just a part of the spleen is damaged.
A ruptured spleen is the highest grade of broken spleen injury, according to HealthTapan online network of doctors who answer health questions. According to Medical News Todaysymptoms of a lacerated or ruptured spleen include pain or tenderness to the touch in the upper left part of the abdomen, left shoulder and left chest wall, as well as confusion and lightheadedness. If you experience any of the symptoms after a trauma, seek emergency medical attention immediately.
Treatment options depend on the condition of the injury, according to the Mayo Clinic. Lower-grade lacerations may be able to heal without surgery, though they will probably require hospital stays while doctors observe your condition.
Higher-grade lacerations or ruptures may require surgery to repair the spleen, surgery to remove part of the spleen, or surgery to remove the spleen completely. Humans can live without their spleen, but those without one may be more susceptible to infection. More on that, below. According to the Mayo Clinicanyone can get an enlarged spleen, but children suffering from mononucleosis, adults with certain inherited metabolic disorders including Gaucher's and Neimann-Pick disease, and people who live or travel to malaria-endemic areas are more at risk.
Knowlton listed infection, liver diseases, cancer, and blood diseases as typical causes for enlarged spleens. It is located in the upper right quadrant of the abdomen and sits directly beneath the right lobe of the liver. The gallbladder can appear, on average, 8cm in length and 4cm in diameter when filled with bile, and can store roughly ml of bile when full. The gallbladder stores bile produced by the liver. When the body senses the presence of fat in the digestive tract, a hormone called cholecystokinin is released from the small intestine and signals the gallbladder to discharge the bile into the duodenum in order to assist with fat digestion.
Bile emulsifies fat, breaking it down into smaller globules in order to increase surface area. This allows other enzymes, mainly from the pancreas, to digest the fat more easily. It has characteristics of both a zang yin organ and a fu yang organ.
Its hollow structure makes it resemble other yang organs. But unlike other fu, the gallbladder is never directly in contact with the exterior or with food or waste. Functionally, it resembles a yin organ, storing a pure fluid bile ; yet it is unlike the other zang in that it does not itself produce a pure fluid.
The gallbladder is interiorly-exteriorly paired with the liver, and the logic of this pairing is as easy to see as with the kidney and the urinary bladder. But unlike the urinary bladder, which receives waste material from the kidney to be discharged to the exterior, the gallbladder receives only pure fluid from its yin organ. This pivot, or hinge, is discussed in the Su Wen, chapter 9.
The shaoyang stage is the turning place, alternating between heat and cold; and the hinge between the exterior of the body and the interior.
The gallbladder is between zang and fu, between yin and yang. It is yin as it receives and stores the bile from the liver, and yang as it releases bile into the duodenum.
This primary function is the same as defined by Western medicine and as previously discussed. In the Nan Jing, chapter 49, it states that bile is full of essences and when it leaves the gallbladder it does not leave the body. The gallbladder has its own unique mental activities and emotional characteristics associated with it. It is commonly stated that the gallbladder is responsible for decision making, judgment, and courage. It is the behavior within your environment and making the just and appropriate decisions in relation.
It is about an individual connecting to guiding principles that they can observe and live by, and about using those principles to make good life decisions.
The gallbladder also provides courage and initiative in making decisions. When the gallbladder is deficient, a lack of courage, lack of initiative, and lack of assertiveness are seen. This is often accompanied with timidity and poor self-image. This lack of courage is not necessarily a form of cowardice; rather it is seen as not being forthcoming about feelings, opinions, and emotions.
The gallbladder, as a pivot, can also be seen as the hesitation between courage and fear. Being easily startled and a general feeling of fear, especially in regards to decision-making, are also emotions of the gallbladder and associated with gallbladder insufficiency; specifically, being fearful and prone to panic about choices or outcomes of choices.
The gallbladder is an emotionally charged organ and can easily be affected by events or the surrounding environment. A quick return to normal after a sudden physical or emotional shock represents a strong gallbladder. When the gallbladder is in balance, it is able to provide an anchor, a base, for the process of deliberation.
Decisions made with a strong gallbladder are clear and decisive, thought is acute and focused, and action is accurate and resolute. The gallbladder is able to maintain sound judgment when confronted with adverse situations or conditions. When the gallbladder is deficient, indecision, procrastination, hesitation, and timidity will prevail.
When the gallbladder is in excess, anger and impulsiveness will be manifest. Other characteristics of excess gallbladder include holding on to resentment and making rash decisions.
Anger is impulsive, like an initial first movement, which is associated with the gallbladder. Anger is about the need to create space quickly.
Liver, gallbladder, and spleen.
When we feel a loss of control, we need some space to be able to evaluate the situation in order to make a decision. The gallbladder usually involves short-term decisions, but with a clear understanding of the impact the immediate decision will have upon the long-term plan. When there is imbalance, an individual can become overly concerned with small details and lose sight of the big picture. The gallbladder has close relationships with the other organs.
All organs follow the gallbladder. If the gallbladder is in disharmony it affects the liver and vice versa. The bile that the liver produces is a powerful antioxidant that helps to detoxify the liver. The liver then releases the bile, which goes to the gallbladder for storage to be used later in the digestion process. When the liver qi flows smoothly and easily, bile is produced and excreted regularly, ensuring optimal digestion.
When the liver stagnates, bile production is impaired, resulting in middle burner disharmonies like acid reflux, abdominal distention and bloating, belching, bad breath, flatulence, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, etcetera. The gallbladder and heart share a close connection.
It helps guide the shen and provides direction for it. The shen resides in the blood; and during the day the heart is where most of the blood activity resides, but at night, the blood comes to the liver and to the hun. The gallbladder helps lead the shen in this process. There are several different ways of looking at the connection between the heart and gallbladder in Oriental Medicine.
From a five element, mother-son perspective, the gallbladder wood supports heart fire. The gallbladder divergent channel travels to the heart.
The heart and gallbladder are also clock opposites with gallbladder being the weakest at 11am-1pm during heart time, and vice versa. They also share common OM patterns like heart gallbladder qi deficiency and heart gallbladder phlegm-heat. Along with these patterns are shared pathological symptoms like bitter taste, which is often associated with heart fire, but is also a sign of a gallbladder disorder, and may be an indicator of a gallbladder and heart interrelated pattern. All these principles and theories can be used in treatment, whether you are supplementing the heart to treat gallbladder deficiency presenting with timidity and fear, or treating the gallbladder to address shen issues manifesting as phlegm misting the orifices with the classical gallbladder formula, Poria and Bamboo Formula Wen Dan Tang.
The kidney controls will and determination. A decisive gallbladder with its initiative and movement to push forward helps the kidney to create action.
The kidney produces marrow and rules the bones, but in the Ling Shu, chapter 10, it states: This function works in conjunction with the liver.
The gallbladder also helps with muscular strength and vitality. These toxins are just physiological byproducts of the sinews and organs that build up in the body throughout the day and are deposited in the blood. At night, the gallbladder pulls blood away from the sinews and into the liver. If the gallbladder is not relaxed by 11pm, it cannot perform this function efficiently and the liver will be unable to properly detoxify and cleanse the blood during liver time from 1am- 3am.
If sleep is poor, then muscle aches, pains, and fatigue will set in. For full functioning of this process one should go to sleep by around 10pm. Pain and disease associated with gallbladder pathology in the body will often have associated signs and symptoms along the trajectory of the gallbladder meridian, the longest meridian in the body running along the side of the head, down the side of the body, ribcage, legs, and ending at the fourth toe. Common symptoms include eye problems like painful, itchy, red eyes, blurry vision, or yellow eyes, headaches, dizziness or vertigo, ear problems like poor hearing or pain, chest and lateral rib pain or flank pain, hip pain, pain or rigidity on sides of legs, etcetera.
Pain can be more common on the right side of the body. The gallbladder is the connection between the zang-fu and the curious organs.
A "Curious Organ" - The Gallbladder
The gallbladder meridian allows us to access the other curious organs. It is the only yang organ to wrap around the genitalia, connecting with the uterus. It connects with the brain via GB20 and connects with the bone and marrow at GB Patterns of disharmony for the gallbladder include gallbladder qi deficiency, gallbladder excess heat, gallbladder damp-heat, and gallbladder stagnation with phlegm accumulation.
Gallbladder qi deficiency is sometimes referred to as gallbladder deficiency cold.