Economics and its relation to other sciences by Lean Mari on Prezi
Naturally, it is related to other social sciences which study other aspects of social relations. In fact, all social sciences—Sociology, Economics, Politics, History. But for the understanding of social life as a whole sociology requires the help of other social sciences which studies a particular aspect of society. Economics. A summary of The Other Social Sciences in 's Introduction to Sociology. Social sciences concern people's relationships and interactions with one another. sciences, including anthropology, political science, psychology, and economics.
It also studies the structure and functions of different economic organizations like banks, markets etc. It is concerned with the material needs of man as well as his material welfare.
However, there exists a great deal of inter-relationship between these two sciences. Both are interdependent and inter-related with each other. Their inter-relationships are as follows: Economics takes the help of Sociology.
For its own comprehension economics takes the help of sociology and depends on it. Economics is concerned with material welfare of man which is common welfare. Economic welfare is a part of social welfare. For the solution of different economic problems such as inflation, poverty, unemployment etc.
Relationship of Sociology with other Sciences
At the same time society controls the economic activities of man. Economics is greatly benefited by the research conducted by Sociologists like Max-weber, Pareto etc. Some economists also consider economic change as an aspect of social change. Economic draws its generalization basing on the data provided by Sociology.
Thus economics cannot go far or develop without the help of Sociology. Similarly Sociology also takes the help from economics. Economics greatly enriches sociological knowledge. An economic factor greatly influences each and every aspects of social life. Knowledge and research in the field of economics greatly contributes to sociology. Each and every social problem has an economic cause.
For the solution of social problems like dowry, suicide etc. Sociologists take the help from economics. Marx opines economic relations constitute the foundation of Society. Economic factors play a very important role in every aspect of our social life that is why Sociologists concerned with economic institutions. For this reason Sociologists like Spencer, Weber, Durkheim and others have taken the help from economics in their analysis of social relationships.
Thus both sociology and economics are very closely related with each other. There are some problems which are being studied by both sociologists and economists. Economic changes results in social changes and vice versa. However, inspite of the above closeness, inter-relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences have certain differences which are described below: Hence it is closely related to other social sciences and so also with psychology.
Sociology and Psychology are very closely interlinked interrelated and interdependent. Relationship between the two is so close and intimate that Psychologist like Karl Pearson refuses to accept both as special science. Both depend on each other for their own comprehension. Their relationship will be clear if we analyze their inter-relationship and mutual dependency.
Sociology is a science of social phenomena and social relationship. It is a science of social group and social institutions. It is a science of collective behavior. It studies human behavior in groups. But psychology is a science of mind or mental processes. It is a science of human behavior. It analyses attitudes, emotions, perception, process of learning and values of individuals and process of personality formation in society.
Sociology receives help from Psychology. There are many psychologists like Freud, MacDougal and others who have enrich Sociology in many respects.
They opines that the whole social life could be reduced finally to psychological forces. Each and every social problems and social phenomenon must have a psychological basis for the solution of which sociology requires the help from psychology. A new branch of knowledge has developed with the combination of sociology and psychology which is known as social psychology.
Similarly, psychology depends on Sociology to comprehend itself fully. Psychology also requires help from sociology in many cases. As human mind and personality is being influenced by social environment, culture, customs and traditions hence psychology take the help from Sociology to understand this. To understand human nature and behaviour properly psychology depends on sociology.
There are many Psychological problems which must have a Social Cause. Psychology requires the help from Sociology to understand these social problems.
A research in Sociology richly contributes to psychology. Contributions and theories of many Sociologists also are of great help to Psychologists.
Thus Sociology and Psychology are mutually dependent on each other. Besides there are some common area of study such as social disorganization, public opinion etc. Social Psychology a branch of Psychology is developed with the combination of the two.
In the words of Kretch and Crutchfield Social Psychology is the science of behaviour of the individuals in society. However, inspite of the mutual relationship and dependence both the sciences differ from each other in the following ways. Sociology is the mother of all social sciences.
Hence it has close and intimate relationship with Anthropology. The relationship is so close that Anthropologists like A. Kroeber consider Sociology and Anthropology as twin sisters.
They often appear as two names for the same subject. Reddfield recognizes the closeness between these two social sciences.
It studies behavior of man in groups. Hence Sociology is concerned with the association of human beings. It is a science that deals with social groups. Accordingly anthropology means study of man. As a science of man it deals with man, his works and behavior. Anthropology studies the biological and cultural development of man.
Relationship of sociology with other social sciences
Anthropology has a wide field of study which can be broadly divided into three main divisions such as physical anthropology. Archeology cultural anthropology and social anthropology. Physical anthropology studies bodily characteristics of early man and thereby try to understand both primitive and modern cultures. Archeology studies cultures of pre-historic period.
This study facilitates sociologists to make a comparative study of present social structure. It is concerned with the early periods of human existence.
It reconstructs the origin, spread and evolution of culture by examining the remains of the past societies. Social anthropology deals with the behaviour of man in social institutions. Social anthropology and sociology are one and the same. Evan Pritchard considers social anthropology as a branch of Sociology. However there exists a very close and intimate relationship between Sociology and Anthropology. Both contribute to the growth of others. Both are mutually related to each other.
Of course Sociology studies society whereas anthropology studies man. But as man and society are mutually interrelated hence it is very difficult to distinguish two.
However their close relationship can be known from the following. Anthropology contributes to the growth of Sociology. It is a part of Sociology.
Anthropology provides knowledge about ancient societies. To have a comprehensive understanding of present society Sociology takes the help of anthropology. Contributions of many Anthropologists like R. The origin of family, marriage, religion etc. The concepts like cultural area, cultural traits, and cultural lag etc. Similarly, Sociology contributes richly towards the growth of anthropology. Anthropology accepts many concepts of Sociology.
Research and contributions of many Sociologists like Emile Durkheim, Herbert Spencer is of great help to anthropology. Anthropologists greatly benefited by the Sociological researches. Ideas and conclusions of Sociology contributes to the research in anthropology.
Relationship of sociology with other social sciences
This means to study Newar society, it is necessary to know the historical development of that society. As, sociology and History are inter-related with the above mentioned similarities, there are some differences also. They are as follows: Sociology Is is abstract discipline of human experience and nature It is concrete discipline of human experience and nature Sociology tries to find out the general law of the society It tries to narrate the past events In chronological order Sociology is analytical and interpretive science History is descriptive science Sociology is general science as it tries to establish generalization History is particular science as it seeks to establish the sequence of events.
Society is comparatively young science. As it has the history of just two centuries. Whereas political Science studies the political activities are also conducted within the society as it deals with the political organizations, there principles and their activities. It is also said that political science is incomplete without the study of sociological background. The state, government, nature of government organs, law and order, etc. In this context, the root ground of both sociology and Political Science are society.
The relationship between sociology and social Sciences
Sociology Sociology is the general Science. Political Science is a particular science. Without proper social environment economics cannot go ahead. Economic factors pay significance role in every aspects of our life.
Economic development, indrustralization, production, distribution etc.