Jodha- The Mughal Empress | The Blog
The Chattri in Arjun Nagar is said to be of Jodha; no, there was no Jodha Bai who was I was really annoyed - he had just allowed a couple to enter the complex his most important wife Ruqaiya Sultan Begum was buried in Garden of Babur in .. Video Stories · Timeshare Holidays · Travel Quiz · Holiday Lead · Hindi. Mariam-uz-Zamani, also known in history as Harka Bai and Jodha Bai, was the third wife of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Razia Sultana . other Muslim wives, namely Ruqaiah Begum and Salima as Mariam grew on him. but overtime, her warm relationship with her cousin brother Surajmal, or Sujamal. Ruqaiya Sultan Begum (alternative spelling: Ruqayya, Ruqayyah) (c. – 19 January ) On their engagement, Humayun conferred on the imperial couple, all the wealth, army and adherents of Hindal and Ghazni, . A fictionalized Ruqaiya was portrayed by Lavina Tandon in Zee TV's fictional drama Jodha Akbar.
This presented a problem for Akbar on his designs to establish unquestioned supremacy over the region. InAkbar attacked the Chittorgarh fort in Mewar that represented a key strategic importance towards establishing rule in Rajputana. Udai Singh was banished to the Hills of Mewar.
He was the last of the Rajput defenders and fought till his heroic end in the Battle of Haldighati in Following his victory over the Rajputana, Akbar brought in GujaratKabulKashmirSindhBengal and Kandahar within the Mughal territory.
InAkbar set out to conquer Deccan territories. He faced opposition to his authority in Ahmadnagar and attacked the Deccan state in Chand Bibi, the regent queen offered formidable opposition, but was forced to concede defeat ultimately having to give up Berar. He brought about several changes in existing policies to establish an environment of uniform opportunities to people irrespective of religion.
The Emperor himself was the supreme governor of the empire. He retained ultimate judicial, legislative and administrative power above anyone else. He was assisted in efficient governance by several ministers — Vakil, chief adviser to the King over all matters; Diwan, minister in charge of finance; Sadar-i-sadur, religious advisor to the King; Mir Bakshi, the one who maintained all records; Daroga-i-Dak Chowki and Muhtasib were appointed to oversee proper enforcement of law as well as the postal department.
The entire empire was divided into 15 Subas, each province being governed by a Subadar along with other regional post mirroring that in the center.
History Of Akbar
The Subas were divided into Sarkars which were further divided into Parganas. The head of the Sarkar was a Faujdar and that of a Pargana was a Shikdar. Echa Pargana consisted of several villages which were governed by a Muqaddam, a Patwari and a Chowkidar, along with a panchayat. He introduced the Mansabdari system to effectively organize the Military.
The Mansabdars were responsible for maintaining discipline and impart training to the soldiers. There were 33 ranks of Mansabdars with 10, to 10 soldiers under their command according to rank. Akbar also introduced the custom of taking roll of the soldiers and branding of horses.
The emperor maintained ultimate control over the military and excelled in the ability to enforce discipline among his troops.
Land revenue was the chief source of income for the Mughal Government and Akbar introduced several reforms in the revenue department. The land was divided into four classes according to their productivity - Polaj, Parauti, Chachar and Banjar. Bigha was the unit of land measurement and land revenue was paid either in cash or in kind.
Akbar on the advice of his Finance Minister Todar Mall, introduced loans against small interest to the farmers and he also granted remission of revenues in case of natural calamities like draughts or floods. He also issued special instruction to the revenue collectors to be friendly with the farmers. All these reforms greatly increased productivity and revenue of the Mughal Empire, leading to prosperous subjects with abundance of food.
Akbar introduced reforms in judicial system as well and for the first time, Hindu customs and laws were referred to in case of Hindu subjects. The Emperor was the highest authority in Law and the power to give capital punishment rested solely with him.
The major social reform introduced by Akbar was the abolition of the Pilgrimage Tax for Hindus in as well as the Jazia tax imposed on the Hindu subjects. He discouraged child marriage and encouraged widow remarriage. Diplomacy Akbar was probably the first Islamic ruler in India who sought stable political alliances through matrimony. He strengthened the alliances by welcoming male relatives of his wives as part of his court and bestowing them with important roles in his administration.
Political significance of these alliances was far-reaching for the Mughal Empire in securing strong loyalty of these dynasties. This practice brought the Hindu and Muslim nobilities in close contact securing a better secular environment for the empire. Akbar and the Uzbeks of Central Asia entered into a treaty of mutual respect under which the Mughals were not to interfere in Badakshan and Balkh regions and the Uzbeks would stay away from Kandahar and Kabul.
Mariam-uz-Zamani Biography - Facts, Childhood, Life History & Achievements of Akbar's Wife
His attempt to make alliance with the newly arrived Portuguese tradesman proved futile with the Portuguese refuting his friendly advances. He was in regular correspondence with Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. His contingent of pilgrims to Mecca and Medina were warmly welcomed by the Ottoman Sultan and the Mughal Ottoman trade flourished during his rule.
Akber was profoundly religious himself, yet he never sought to enforce his own religious views on anyone; be it prisoners of war, or Hindu wives or the common people in his kingdom.
He gave great importance to choice and abolished discriminatory taxes based on religion. He encouraged building of temples and even churches his empire. Out of reverence for the Hindu members of the Royal Family he banned the cooking of beef in the kitchens. Akbar became a follower of the great Sufi mystic Sheikh Moinuddin Chishti and made several pilgrimages to his shrine at Ajmer.
He craved religious unity of his people and with that vision founded the sect Din-i-Ilahi Faith of the Divine. Din-i-Ilahi was in essence an ethical system that dictated the preferred way of life discarding qualities like lust, slander and pride. It borrowed heavily from existing religions extracting the best philosophies and forming an amalgamation of virtues to live by.
Architecture and Culture Akbar commissioned the building of several forts and mausoleums during his reign and established a distinct architectural style that has been dubbed as Mughal architecture by connoisseurs. Akbar was a great patron of art and culture. Akbar gives her rights of the companion and cohort from the early on in his life. Ruqaiya Begum position was very greatly in the heart of Akbar. In the heart of Akbar, she was superior and greater than any other women of his life.
Akbar only loved the Ruqaiya throughout the life. Akbar was so much caring and loving towards the Ruqaiya. She was the chief wife of Akbar. She came in the life of Akbar in her middle age.
Even he pretends this decision of other wives after consorting his wife, Ruqaiya. In fact, the era was also ahead after recommending the monogamy. Secondly, the Ruqaiya was childless, so Akbar takes steps for other marriage and also seek and heir for Mughal empire.
Ruqaiya Begum role being as mother Ruqaiya was childless all through her life. It was her main grief and only drawback. However, Akbar was very loving with the Ruqaiya, so he ordered to Jahangir to handed over his son to the Ruqaiya Begum. So Ruqaiya was taken the son of Jahangir son Prince Khurram. She took care of the Khurram, and most upbringing mothers became.
The Prince Khurram was only six years old due to handover. Ruqaiya took over all responsibilities towards his step-grandson. She was prime responsible for his education. The Khurram was the future emperor — Shah Jahan. They both shared the close relationship. Ruqaiya loves thousand times more to her grandson Khurram as compare to their son, who was the father of Khurram.
Her relationship with the Jahangir too was very cordial and so in his autobiography.