Relationship of physical activity and academic performance evaluation

relationship of physical activity and academic performance evaluation

A recent review of 39 studies on the mental and intellectual benefits associated with the relationship between physical activity, physical fitness, and academic. Apr 20, Key words: Physical fitness, Academic achievement, Adolescent identifying the relationship between physical activity and academic achievement Approval for this study was obtained from the Institutional Review Board of. Jul 31, Exploring the relationship between physical activity, cognition and Keywords: Physical activity, Cognition, Academic performance, School, Children, A review of 17 studies by Trudeau and Shepherd on the impact of PA on.

Subgroups showed similar patterns to the full sample, but the smaller group sizes limited the strength of the conclusions.

relationship of physical activity and academic performance evaluation

Conclusions This cross-sectional study demonstrates a direct association between physical activity and academic performance.

Furthermore, and importantly, this study shows the relationship between physical activity and academic performance is supported by an independent relationship between physical activity and cognition. Larger sample sizes are needed to investigate confounding factors of gender, age, socioeconomic status, and ethnicity. Future longitudinal analyses could investigate whether increases in physical activity can improve both cognition and academic performance.

Physical activity, Cognition, Academic performance, School, Children, Mediation, SEM, Multigroup analysis Background Over the course of the last century, a multidisciplinary field of knowledge has developed that has identified several cognitive and academic benefits of regular physical activity PA [ 1 — 7 ].

relationship of physical activity and academic performance evaluation

The idea that PA can enhance cognitive and academic ability has consequently received significant attention in health and education fields [ 8 — 10 ]. It is recognised that PA triggers change in the human brain due to increases in metabolism, oxygenation and blood flow providing hormones that promote neurological health [ 1112 ].

Those changes are particularly important for the developing paediatric brain [ 912 ]. Researchers are now clarifying how relationships between PA and cognition interact to guide the best way forward to promote neurological, cognitive and academic benefits for children. Sibley and Etnier completed a meta-analysis of 44 studies into the relationship between PA and cognitive abilities [ 6 ].

They found all included studies reported significant and positive effects of PA within physical education PE and cognition in youth, regardless of the study design and type of PA [ 6 ]. The greatest effects were seen with perceptual skills and academic readiness tests [ 6 ]. A review of 17 studies by Trudeau and Shepherd on the impact of PA on academic performance of children in primary and secondary school also found positive relationships between PA and school results [ 7 ].

Combined analysis of the seven quasi-experimental studies showed that the enriched PE programmes demanded a substantial reduction in the time allocated for academic tuition but academically children achieved at least equally despite the reduced teaching time [ 7 ]. Ten cross-sectional studies showed positive association between PA and academic performance [ 7 ].

Despite concurrence about a positive relationship between PA and cognition, both reviews note limitations due to the small number of true experimental studies and by potential confounding variables. For example, Sibley and Etnier found 57 different methods of cognitive assessment used by investigators, many with poor or unknown psychometric properties [ 6 ].

Physical Activity and Academic Performance

In another meta-analysis, Hillman et al. They found PA and cardiovascular fitness have short and medium-term benefits for neurocognitive performance in youth [ 4 ].

The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement among adolescent in South Korea

The studies used laboratory measures to measure neurological activity on subjects performing a range of cognitive tasks and formal assessments. They found increased fitness and PA improve cognitive function and brain health, with higher-fit children demonstrating attributes such as greater attention, faster information processing, and higher scores in standardised achievement tests. Only one study which provided neutral findings did not show any improvement in cognitive function.

Furthermore, two detailed studies from provide strong support for the relationship PA has with cognition and academic performance [ 1314 ]. The authors concur that PA and cardiorespiratory fitness are beneficial to brain structure, brain function and cognition in children and youth [ 13 ].

relationship of physical activity and academic performance evaluation

They advise that PA before, during and after school promotes scholastic performance in children and youth, with even a single session of moderate PA having an acute benefit to brain function, cognition and scholastic performance [ 13 ]. In the other study, eight key researchers in the PA-cognition field started from a database of articles and identified key articles to consider [ 14 ].

The review focused on two specific questions: Castelli, Hillman, Buck et al. They measured physical fitness level such as aerobic performance, flexibility, and muscular strength, and found that aerobic performance had a positive effect on reading achievement, mathematics, and total academic achievement.

relationship of physical activity and academic performance evaluation

Subsequent studies are required based on the limitations of this study in order to further identify the effect of physical activity on intelligence and brain development. Thus, future studies need to include more diverse components of physical fitness by dividing it into two categories such as health-related physical fitness and skill-related physical fitness Second, this study used comprehensive physical fitness level for analysis, rather than using each component of physical fitness separately.

Therefore, future studies should analyze the effects of each component of physical fitness on academic achievement.

The relationship between physical fitness and academic achievement among adolescent in South Korea

In summary, this study specifically identified the relationship between physical fitness level and academic achievement. Results of this study can be used to develop more effective physical education curricula since raw exam scores were directly used for analysis. Moreover, results of this study can also be applied to recreation and sport programs regarding other populations e. Conflict of interest None. Effects of acute exercise on mood and well-being in patients with major depressive disorder.

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