What is macro environment? definition and meaning - avesisland.info
Macro and micro environment comprise the structure of the marketing maintain successful transactions & relationships with the company's target customers.”. Home» Marketing Environment – Micro and Macro Environments relationships with the target customers is affected by the factors & forces that Moreover the macro environmental factors cannot be eliminated through the. suppliers, competitors, marketing intermediaries, customers and the firm itself. Micro Environment Definition of Macro Environment.
Marketing services agencies are companies that offer services such as conducting marketing research, advertising, and consulting.
Financial intermediaries are institutions such as banks, credit companies and Insurance companies. There are different types of customer markets including consumer markets, business markets, government markets, Globalization international markets, and reseller markets. The consumer market is made up of individuals who buy goods and services for their own personal use or use in their household.
Business markets include those that buy goods and services for use in producing their own products to sell. This is different from the reseller market which includes businesses that purchase goods to resell as is for a profit. These are the same companies mentioned as market intermediaries. The government market consists of government agencies that buy goods to produce public services or transfer goods to others who need them.
International markets include buyers in other countries and includes customers from the previous categories. To remain competitive a company must consider who their biggest competitors are while considering its own size and position in the industry.
Marketing Environment | Micro and Macro Environment
The company should develop a strategic advantage over their competitors. The final aspect of the micro environment is publics, which is any group that has an interest in or effect on the organization's ability to meet its goals. For example, financial publics can hinder a company's ability to obtain funds affecting the level of credit a company has.
Media public include newspapers and magazines that can publish articles of interest regarding the company and editorials that may influence customers' opinions. Government public can affect the company by passing legislation and laws that put restrictions on the company's actions.
Citizen-action publics include environmental groups and minority groups and can question the actions of a company and put them in the public spotlight. Local publics are neighborhood and community organizations and will also question a company's effect on the local area and the level of responsibility of their actions.
The general public can affect the company as any change in their attitude, whether positive or negative, can cause sales to go up or down because the general public is often the company's customer base. And finally those who are employed within the company and deal with the organization and construction of the company's product.
Macro-environment[ edit ] The macro-environment refers to all forces that are part of the larger society and affect the micro-environment. It includes concepts such as demography, economy, natural forces, technology, politics, and culture.
The purpose of analyzing the macro marketing environment is to understand the environment better and to adapt to the social environment and change through the marketing effort of the enterprise to achieve the goal of the enterprise marketing. Demography refers to studying human populations in terms of size, density, location, age, gender, race, and occupation. An example of demography is classifying groups of people according to the year they were born. These classifications can be referred to as baby boomerswho are born between andgeneration Xwho are born between andand generation Ywho are born between and Each classification has different characteristics and causes they find important.
This can be beneficial to a marketer as they can decide who their product would benefit most and tailor their marketing plan to attract that segment. Demography covers many aspects that are important to marketers including family dynamics, geographic shifts, workforce changes, and levels of diversity in any given area. Another aspect of the macro-environment is the economic environment.
This refers to the purchasing power of potential customers and the ways in which people spend their money. Within this area are two different economies, subsistence and industrialized.
Subsistence economies are based more in agriculture and consume their own industrial output. Industrial economies have markets that are diverse and carry many different types of goods. Each is important to the marketer because each has a highly different spending pattern as well as different distribution of wealth. The natural environment is another important factor of the macro-environment. This includes the natural resources that a company uses as inputs that affects their marketing activities.
The concern in this area is the increased pollution, shortages of raw materials and increased governmental intervention. As raw materials become increasingly scarcer, the ability to create a company's product gets much harder. Also, pollution can go as far as negatively affecting a company's reputation if they are known for damaging the environment.
The last concern, government intervention can make it increasingly harder for a company to fulfill their goals as requirements get more stringent. The technological environment is perhaps one of the fastest changing factors in the macro-environment. This includes all developments from antibiotics and surgery to nuclear missiles and chemical weapons to automobiles and credit cards.
As these markets develop it can create new markets and new uses for products. It also requires a company to stay ahead of others and update their own technology as it becomes outdated. They must stay informed of trends so they can be part of the next big thing, rather than becoming outdated and suffering the consequences financially.
In order to understand the different spending patterns, marketers need to also take into consideration about the development of digital technology and its effect on market growth and employment. It is key for a marketer, especially in a digitally-dominated market, to anticipate demand in order to capitalise on potential market growth. Technology has developed to the extent where purchase patterns can be analysed in order to forecast future demand . The political environment includes all lawsgovernment agenciesand groups that influence or limit other organizations and individuals within a society.
It is important for marketers to be aware of these restrictions as they can be complex. Some products are regulated by both state and federal laws. Your organisation has a duty to satisfy the public.
Market environment - Wikipedia
Any actions of your company must be considered from the angle of the general public and how they are affected. The public have the power to help you reach your goals; just as they can also prevent you from achieving them.
Macro Environment Factors Demographic forces: The skills and knowledge applied to the production, and the technology and materials needed for production of products and services can also impact the smooth running of the business and must be considered.
Political and legal forces: Social and cultural forces: The impact the products and services your organisations brings to market have on society must be considered. A recent example of this is the environment and how many sectors are being forced to review their products and services in order to become more environmentally friendly. Micro and macro environments have a significant impact on the success of marketing campaigns, and therefore the factors of these environments should be considered in-depth during the decision making process of a strategic marketer.