Part Three: The Will of God - Seventh and Tenth Commandments
the desire to accumulate earthly goods beyond what one needs. It is one of the capital sins and contrary to the 10th Commandment. 4) property (the seventh and tenth Commandments); The principle governing the relationship of man to the earth is that “[i]n the beginning. The 7th commandment is referring to "stealing", physically taking something that The 10th commandment is referring to "coveting" meaning to be jealous and.
To pay their employees a just wage. To provide for the safety of all employees. What is the Tenth Commandment? Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor's goods. How do you sin against the Tenth Commandment? By desiring to steal someone else's property and by envy or jealousy, that is, resentment over someone else's good fortune or wishing he did not have it.
You can be jealous and envious of someone's beauty, intelligence, holiness, etc. Jealousy is also called discontent. What kind of sins are jealousy and envy? Usually venial sins, unless they involve a serious matter; then they are mortal. Remember that temptation is not a sin, unless you accept the envious feelings. If you reject them, you do a good act and receive more Sanctifying Grace from God in return. All sins of cheating, defrauding or wronging others of their property; also all sins of borrowing or buying with the intention of never repaying are equivalent to stealing.
In what other ways may persons sin against honesty? Persons may sin against honesty also by knowingly receiving, buying or sharing in stolen goods; likewise by giving or taking bribes for dishonest purposes. What are we commanded by the seventh Commandment?
By the seventh Commandment we are commanded to give to all men what belongs to them and to respect their property.
Lesson The Seventh and Tenth Commandments
How may persons working for others be guilty of dishonesty? Persons working for others may be guilty of dishonesty by idling the time for which they are paid; also by doing bad work or supplying bad material without their employer's knowledge. In what other way may a person be guilty of dishonesty? A person may be guilty of dishonesty in getting money or goods by false pretenses and by using either for purposes for which they were not given.
What is forbidden by the seventh Commandment? The seventh Commandment forbids all unjust taking or keeping what belongs to another.
What must we do with things found? We must return things found to their lawful owners as soon as possible, and we must also use reasonable means to find the owners if they are unknown to us. What must we do if we discover we have bought stolen goods? If we discover we have bought stolen goods and know their lawful owners we must return the goods to them as soon as possible without demanding compensation from the owner for what we paid for the goods. Are we bound to restore ill-gotten goods?
We are bound to restore ill-gotten goods, or the value of them, as far as we are able; otherwise we cannot be forgiven. What must we do if we cannot restore all we owe, or if the person to whom we should restore be dead? If we cannot restore all we owe, we must restore as much as we can, and if the person to whom we should restore be dead we must restore to his children or heirs, and if these cannot be found we may give alms to the poor.
What must one do who cannot pay his debts and yet wishes to receive the Sacraments? One who cannot pay his debts and yet wishes to receive the Sacraments must sincerely promise and intend to pay them as soon as possible, and must without delay make every effort to do so. Are we obliged to repair the damage we have unjustly caused?
We are bound to repair the damage we have unjustly caused. What is the eighth Commandment? The eighth Commandment is: Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbor. What are we commanded by the eighth Commandment? If we look more closely at the reason for this inequality, we find it is due to various causes.
God simply gives some people more than others. Some people are more enterprising and energetic than others. There is injustice among human beings. There is such a thing as recognizing inequality and not allowing it to dominate our thoughts.
Otherwise, what others have can become the source of envy. Envy in turn can change covetousness into greed, and greed then leads to all kinds of sin.
The secret of keeping the Seventh Commandment is to observe the Tenth. Poverty of Detachment Time and again Christ preached the need for internal detachment from material possessions. His conversation with a man who felt he was being cheated is typical: Internal poverty of detachment, as proclaimed by Christ, goes beyond the avoidance of covetousness taught in the Decalogue.
Detachment means not only not coveting what belongs to someone else: It means not coveting any earthly possession, period. Our hearts should be set on the treasures of heaven, where neither moth consumes nor thieves can break in and steal.
Part Three: The Will of God
Detachment is to be practiced by all who call themselves Christian, the rich and the poor alike. Those who are rich are to be detached by not being proud, and by sharing their possessions with those who are poor. Those who are poor are to be detached by not envying or worse still, hating those who are rich. He kept telling His followers to set their sights on the Horizon beyond this life, and not to allow preoccupation with material things to blind them to the true riches of the spirit.
The body will die, but the soul lives on. It is sheer wisdom to accumulate the spiritual treasures of grace and virtue that have lasting value beyond the limitations of space and time.
The Savior spoke of money. He did not deny its use in this world. He even told the disciples: Money has to be used, yet in such a way that it does not become our master.
We must keep our hearts from being enslaved by any creature. Stealing and Restitution There are several words that mean almost the same thing, but they are somewhat different.