EFFECTIVE USE OF LANGUAGE
Oct 3, Being imprecise with language is insidious. It's something people don't normally spend time thinking about, and yet it has a negative cognitive. the vexed question of the relation between thought and language, but we may fore, in a language which disregards the precise shade of meaning in things . Aug 26, In particular, Whorf announced, Native American languages impose . influence of language on thought has come to light is the language of . is “north,” “south,” “west” or “east,” often accompanied by precise hand gestures).
Never sacrifice meaning to novelty.
That is, never search for a synonym just to dress up an idea, and never use an unfamiliar word from the thesaurus to replace a perfectly good familiar word. Thesaurus words may be similar or related, yet not be identical or even equivalent in meaning.
Unfamiliar words may carry the wrong connotation or be simply unsuitable for your audience.
Learn a word's meaning and usage before using it. For example, the second sentence below is not identical in meaning with the first or indeed even comprehensible!
In addition to studying Western culture, students should be required to study Asian, African, or other cultures. This expanded cultural study would foster understanding of the modern global community.Can You Think Complex Thoughts Without Language? - 1984 - George Orwell
In addition to examination of Western enlightenment, a pupil ought to remain to apply one's mind to Oriental, African, or choice cultures. Such an enlarged edifying trance would guest of empathy of latter-day universal public. Never sacrifice meaning to belonging. That is, avoid jargon, or words and expressions known only to people with specialized knowledge or interests.
Even if readers know the jargon, it is more difficult to read than plain English and slows down comprehension. Check your writing once expressly to locate jargon, and cut out as much as you can.
If technical words or expressions are unavoidable and they sometimes aredefine them the first time you use them and try sometimes to substitute a plainer word. The trick is to cut the verbiage without sacrificing meaning.
Language and thought
For example, contrast the two sentences below, the first written by a scientist using scientific jargon, the second revised into plain English: The biota exhibited a one hundred percent mortality response. The task itself henceforth socialized at almost every stage of its development. When, therefore, the adult is brought face to face with his fellow-beings, what he announces to them is something already socially elaborated and therefore roughly adapted to his audience, i.
Indeed, the further a man has advanced in his own line of thought, the better able is he to see things from the point of view of others and to make himself understood by them. The child, on the other hand, placed in the conditions which we have described, seems to talk far more than the adult.
How To Write Clearly: Using Precise and Concise Language - TIP Sheet - Butte College
Child thought, therefore, seems more social, less capable of sustained and solitary research. This is so only in appearance. The child has less verbal continence simply because he does not know what it is to keep a thing to himself.
Although he talks almost incessantly to his neighbours, he rarely places himself at their point of view.
He speaks to them for the most part as if he were alone, and as if he were thinking aloud. He speaks, therefore, in a language which disregards the precise shade of meaning in things and ignores the particular angle from which they are viewed, and which above all is always making assertions, even in argument, instead justfiying them.
- Effective Use of Language