Power given voltage and current relationship

Power Law: The Relationship of Voltage, Current, and Watts - Wisc-Online OER

power given voltage and current relationship

This relationship between the Voltage, Current and Resistance forms the for power is P and is the product of voltage multiplied by the current with the unit of. Moving the amp from your test bench to the floor takes work, in this case negative work because the . The relationship between voltage, current, and power is. Electric power basic formulas calculator voltage current mathematical equation formula for power law watts resistance understanding V comes from "voltage" and E from "electromotive force (emf)". E means also energy, so we choose V.

The force of gravity in newtons is then 3kg 9. The top of your bench is 1. How much work is required to pick up the transformer and place it on the bench? What if the transformer is sitting on the floor in the next room, which is 20 meters away? Solution We determined in the previous problem that the force of gravity on a 6.

Calculating Electric Power

The amount of work in joules is then 29N 1. It therefore takes the same amount of work, 35 joules. Voltage Opposite charges attract. If we move a negative electron towards another electron we perform work because we are moving against an opposing force. Moving two electrons toward two other electrons requires more work because there is more opposing force.

Work, Voltage, and Power

We often need a convenient way to describe how much work is required to move charge from one point to another. That concept is voltage. If moving a positive charge from point B to point A requires positive work, then point A is said to have a positive voltage with respect to B.

The relationship between the work required in joules, the amount of charge in coulombs, and the voltage in volts is: Since W and Q can be positive or negative, it stands to reason that V can be positive or negative also.

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Problem It takes 1. Notice that this is opposite to the actual electron flow. What is the voltage V across the resistor? Solution 1x electrons represent 1x We therefore conclude that the voltage at A is positive with respect to B by an amount equal to Thus there is a drop of volts across the resistor from the plate supply to the plate. Power Power is a measure of the amount of work or energy being expended over time. When measured over the period of one second, the number of joules of sonic energy created from an Ampeg SVT with six push-pull power tubes cranked full blast is going to be far more than from a Champ 5E1.

Calculating Electric Power | Ohm's Law | Electronics Textbook

By the same concept it takes no additional work to physically lift your Hiwatt quickly, but it takes more power because the work is performed over a shorter time period.

When work is measured in joules and time is measured in seconds, then the power in watts is equal to the total work divided by the total time: Problem It takes you 2 seconds to steadily lift your 6.

What is the average amount of power you are expending as you lift it? Solution We determined earlier that it takes 35 joules of work to lift the transformer.

power given voltage and current relationship

Most direct-current DC measurements, however, being stable over time, will be symbolized with capital letters. Coulomb and Electric Charge One foundational unit of electrical measurement, often taught in the beginnings of electronics courses but used infrequently afterwards, is the unit of the coulomb, which is a measure of electric charge proportional to the number of electrons in an imbalanced state.

One coulomb of charge is equal to 6,,, electrons. Cast in these terms, current is the rate of electric charge motion through a conductor. As stated before, voltage is the measure of potential energy per unit charge available to motivate electrons from one point to another.

Electronics Tutorial #2 - Power - the relationship with Voltage and Current

Defined in these scientific terms, 1 volt is equal to 1 joule of electric potential energy per divided by 1 coulomb of charge. Thus, a 9 volt battery releases 9 joules of energy for every coulomb of electrons moved through a circuit.

power given voltage and current relationship

These units and symbols for electrical quantities will become very important to know as we begin to explore the relationships between them in circuits. Ohm expressed his discovery in the form of a simple equation, describing how voltage, current, and resistance interrelate: In this algebraic expression, voltage E is equal to current I multiplied by resistance R.

Using algebra techniques, we can manipulate this equation into two variations, solving for I and for R, respectively: In the above circuit, there is only one source of voltage the battery, on the left and only one source of resistance to current the lamp, on the right. In this first example, we will calculate the amount of current I in a circuit, given values of voltage E and resistance R: What is the amount of current I in this circuit? In this second example, we will calculate the amount of resistance R in a circuit, given values of voltage E and current I: What is the amount of resistance R offered by the lamp?