Patron and client relationship in rome

patron-client relationship |

patron and client relationship in rome

Clientship, Latin Clientela, in ancient Rome, the relationship between a man of wealth and influence (patron) and a free client; the client acknowledged his. The answer is: some of both. It's a very “Italian thing” to respect loyalty and tradition among all things. Interestingly enough, the ancient Romans considered . patron-client relationship The roots of the patron-client relationship have been traced by some to the dependence of plebians on patricians in the Roman Empire.

They were the lower of the two aristocratic upper classes in Rome.

patron and client relationship in rome

They ranked below the patricians socially but still had great wealth and social status. For the Roman upper aristocratic ruling class public appearance was extremely important. When traveling through the city and the forum the Roman elite desired to be recognized or recognized for their status and rank.

To accomplish this they wore distinctive clothing and jewelry to help signify their status. Equestrians wore specifically colored cloth stripes on their togas or tunics to signify their statuses. The senators and patricians also wore wider specifically colored cloth stripes to signify their rank.

The upper class patrons wanted to show they had power and made certain to remind their clients of this by their mannerisms and dress. The lower class Roman citizens were most always the clients of the upper class patrons.

The plebs or plebeians was the lower class that existed since the beginning of Rome just like the patricians.

Patron-Client: 25 Concepts in Anthropology

The common people were freeborn and plebeians respectively, but the lower class also consisted of freed-people liberti. Freed-people were former slaves who had been freed by their masters.

Patronage in ancient Rome - Wikipedia

The freed-people were now clients of their former masters. In the lower class also were Latins Latini who were from Roman colonies outside of Rome.

patron and client relationship in rome

There were some plebs who were wealthy, had political connections and better overall social standing but for the most part, plebs were part of the lower class. Roman societal patronage was highly based around the Roman ideals of fides or loyalty.

Societal Patronage

Clients were loyal supporters of high standing families and at the head of those families were the patronus, or their patron. For this loyalty the patron rewarded their loyal clients with gifts of food and land.

patron and client relationship in rome

If a client needed any sort of legal representation or aid they called upon their patron for support. Patrons often handed out sportulas, which were monetary handouts for their support and loyalty.

  • What is Patronage?
  • Clientship
  • Patronage in ancient Rome

The patron received not just loyalty from their clients but they also had the respect, men for guarded escorts, and their political support. This is one of the underlying factors in systems of debt bondage sometimes called bonded labour that are widespread in Indiaalthough forbidden by both national and international law.

Clientship | ancient Rome |

The ties of patron-clientage were basic to the system of land tenure and agricultural production in feudal Europe, where they still persist in Northern Mediterranean countries. Clienteliamo is the basis of the varied contractual relationships throughout Southern Italy, for example. Its essence is not the fixed and contractual but rather the informal and flexible. It is a face-to-face relationship, and many writers stress its importance in giving clients a degree of political power, through their support of the patron in his external political activities.

The conquerors and colonists of Latin America imported many of the values and legal institutions of feudal Europe, including patron-client relationships. The predominance of Roman Catholicism in Latin societies links this system of asymmetrical political and economic relationships to the system known as compadrazgoor godparenting. The godparent-godchild relationship established in baptism is actually a link between two sets of parents, the biological and the spiritual. In systematic compadrazgo, the child links a powerful godparent, who is supposed to ensure its spiritual welfare, to economically and politically weaker natural parents.

Co-parenting ties, once established, give the natural parents the right to call on the godfather for material assistance and legal support. In return, their obligation is to support the political activities of the godfather, and to work for him when he requires it.

Being a godfather confers prestige as well as economic and political advantages. Although the term patron-client relationship is not always used within or about compadrazgo, it clearly applies.

patron and client relationship in rome

Compadrazgo is a form of fictive kinship that enables actual kin networks to be extended.