Nov 1, The relationship between the government and NGOs in the area of . information between contributors and service providers, people trust and. working relationship in order to improve the lives of the Afghan people. Methodology part will examine relations between NGOs and government actors. NGOs. NGO relations with the government and communities in Afghanistan . can afford to make visits to local communities and establish relations with local people.
During this period NGOs not only provided medicines, food, and clothes but also provided support to build houses, helps to build physical and social infrastructure. By those activities few NGOs created good name for NGO and proved their potentiality to engage themselves in the socio economic development of Bangladesh. But this orientation was not sustainable so they shifted their course of action from charity and welfare orientation to a self reliant local development orientation, Huda Gradually NGOs expand their activities in different parts of the country, so there need a platform to coordinate their activities and also need network to maintain liaison with government and donors.
ADAB was established as a networking organization. And this organization is significant for three reasons: It provided a common forum for the NGOs to meet, discuss and resolve problems. Government engaged ADAB in emergency relief and rehabilitation activities in the time of natural disaster. Second period was to when poor became main focuses of NGOs. And the programs were alleviating poverty, non formal education etc.
That initial collaboration worked fairly and government found it to be useful collaborator in attaining development. This collaboration indeed depicted a relation of mutual trust and understanding. In this period there has been a large scale growth of NGOs at local, regional and national levels. NGOs have been working in small Geographic area successfully. In order to expand their activities, a few NGOs undertook programs of collaboration with government and other relevant agencies. Then government put importance on NGOs to collaborate in National level.
NGO relations with the government and communities in Afghanistan - ODI HPN
And this recognition of government marked the NGOs as a development actor. This sets the beginning of relations, sometimes marked by trust and success but also in some cases by tension and mistrust. NGOs played significant role in the aftermath of three devastating floodsand and also of the cyclone. Through effective role in disaster, NGOs established their credibility and acceptance by both national government and the International community.
NGOs have always been the first before the government to reach affected people. Government had put importance on coordination and cooperation between NGOs, government and private organization. Sometimes political pressure was created for the share of relief. In disaster mitigation and management, NGOs have an excellent relation with government and local level institutions.
There are no serious regulations from government. The states role was positive and not fully restricted. With the work of relief and rehabilitation NGOs became very popular development actor. So, questions were rising are they really nonprofit voluntary organizations? So government has felt the necessary to make them accountable and transparent. As result some ordinance and act emerged, where NGOs can be registered.
And government didn't know how funds are received and spend. Two laws were enforced to monitor the inflow. In response government created The NGOs Affairs Bureau in to decrease bureaucracy procedure and provide one stop service. And government considers this as a step to improve the relation with NGOs.
World Bank ;;Ahmad ;Ahmad and Morshed But from NGOs show a tendency to get involved with non party politics.Government Nonprofit Relationships
Because of politicization of Ershad. There emerge a leadership crisis in ADAB because of expulsion and counter expulsion.
The voter education program remains controversial among some civil society actors, ADAB members and politicians due to its involvement with national political process Ashman Some members felt that ADAB was shifting its main focus from development advocacy to polytonal advocacy.
So questions raising what are non politics? In the political party which has close relationship with ADAB won the election. And it became a risk for NGOs in election time. It emerged as a controversial body after the election. Some ADAB, influential member took a position which was secular, pro democratic and plays some role as before and encourage voters to vote pro liberal minded. After election ofsome allegations were raised against certain NGOs becoming agent of certain political parties.
So some measures were taken from government to regulate NGOs activities. But no good result emerges.
NGOs activities in grassroots level which looks non political but have an important and far reaching political implications. It has become possible for the increasing reliance of government on basic service provision by NGOs. Although these relations have not always been sound, smooth and behind mistrust, the truth is that NGOs are big player in poverty alleviation, water, education, nutrition, sanitation, family planning, immunization, livestock and fisheries etc.
In recent years government has been incorporating NGOs into various committees with other line ministries from Union to National levels and sharing and learning from the experience of NGOs in different sectors.
This activities show government understanding that NGOs are significant actor in the socio economic development of Bangladesh. Now maximum development works of Bangladesh are done by government with NGOs.
The meeting focuses on simple information sharing to dissemination of government policy, regulations etc. NGOs provide reports on their activities to DC. The working environment in Afghanistan Afghanistan is one of the most difficult countries for NGOs to work in.
The security situation is getting progressively worse, with aid workers subjected to a growing number of direct attacks, threats and intimidation. In40 humanitarian aid convoys and 47 aid facilities were attacked, ambushed or looted, and aid workers were kidnapped five of whom were killed. In some areas, infrastructure and services are almost non-existent.
The military presence is high, and in some areas NGOs are compelled to share operational space with the military, affecting how NGOs are perceived locally and raising difficult issues of independence, neutrality and impartiality.
Social and political systems are not uniform across the country, requiring organisations to adopt very specific local approaches to the areas in which they are working. The complex and multi-faceted nature of the conflict in Afghanistan has brought together a host of different actors, ostensibly working together to meet a variety of objectives and often required to produce immediate results despite the fact that objectives, actors and initiatives are not always complementary.
Political imperatives often lead to programmes that are not responsive to local needs. Relations with the government Although influencing the political and security environment is beyond the scope of agencies working in the field, certain aspects of NGO work, specifically relations with the government, could be improved.
While coordination between the government and aid agencies has arguably improved over the past few years, particularly in Kabul, more could be done. Currently, coordination between NGOs and the government takes place at various levels, both in Kabul and in the provinces. NGOs are required to submit regular reports to line ministries as well as the ministries of economy and finance.
Provincial Development Committees were set up in each province in in order to improve coordination between the centre and the provinces; there are also specific sectoral meetings involving line ministries and UN and NGO representativesheld monthly.
To some extent, the effectiveness of these meetings depends on the personalities involved; some participants are more active than others, and attendances vary. The government currently has the ability to facilitate or obstruct NGO operations.
Although their work was highly regulated, they nonetheless had the space they needed to operate. Now, however, NGOs must work alongside a government intent on regulating, planning and managing their projects and activities.
This is in part due to the fact that the current administration in Kabul claims service provision as one of its main objectives. According to a law designed to ensure NGO accountability and transparency, and ostensibly to enhance coordination, NGOs must consult with the government and sign a Memorandum of Understanding before they can implement projects. NGOs must also report to the government on all their activities, unlike other actors such as private contractors or Provincial Reconstruction Teams PRTs.
Whilst enabling the government to keep track of what NGOs are doing, this system makes it difficult for them to implement projects in a timely manner. Yet the fact that so many different actors are involved in development and humanitarian activities, including the UN and the military, means that relations are inevitably complex.
Concepts of impartiality and independence sit uneasily amidst this growing need for increased coordination, if not collaboration. By the same token, government views on NGOs are often negative and contradictory. Provincial government respondents accused NGOs of wasting funds and using donor money to pay for extravagant, luxurious lifestyles. At the same time, however, they admitted that they relied heavily on NGOs to carry out work and deliver services which they did not have the resources or the capacity to deliver themselves.
The most effective working relations have been established where NGOs have worked to involve the government in their research efforts, providing them with information about their programmes and plans and inviting them to various events, training sessions and project inaugurations. NGOs also educate people in influencing government policies on several international issues. In the process of undertaking all these initiatives, NGOs have been part of global networking.
Over the years there has been a phenomenal growth of the transaction NGOs, with more working at the global level with larger issues.
Relationship between NGOs and Government – Explained!
One of the reasons for such growth has been the crisis in the State caused by massive state deficits, financial crisis and economic restructuring. As the state functioning is going to be restructured along the lines of the corporate market model, and it is also withdrawing from the social sector, NGOs are emerging as important stakeholders and providers of services to the marginalised people.
In the developing countries many NGOs function by receiving funds from foreign agencies. There has also been a tendency to ignore the law of the land by these NGOs.