study guide for the film slumdog millionaire
Later on, following the riots and the death of their mother, Jamal and Salim meet Latika. Jamal suggests that Latika could become their "third musketeer," despite. Poem Essay What keeps Jamal and Latika apart in Slumdog Millionaire isn't fate, as it was in Romeo and Juliet but rather, people. This setting shows us Jamal's back story and the connection Latika and Jamal have, and how this caused. As Beaufoy points out, Slumdog Millionaire is, at its core, a love story; it is the relationship between Jamal and Latika that is the pounding heartbeat of the film, .
Jamal grew up as a street kid in the Dharavi slum of Mumbai. Later he remembers the day when his brother Salim locked him in the outhouse while Bollywood legend Amitabh Bachchan was visiting Dharavi. In order to get himself out and ask the famous actor for an autograph, Jamal jumps into the stinking sewer. When Hindi and Muslims clash violently in the Bombay riots, Jamals mother is killed and Jamal and his brother Salim have to flee the city.
The children stick together and later fall into the hands of Maman, a ruthless gangster who picks up orphans and sends them to beg in the street. To increase business he teaches them to sing, sends them begging with a baby in their arms, and even blinds them. When they realize what is going to happen to them, Jamal and Salim escape from Maman, but Latika is left behind. The brothers start to make a living by pretending to be tourist guides to the Taj Mahal. Using several tricks, they play tourists for their money.
He is reminded of his yearning to be with Latika, who is lost in another kind of underworld. On a street corner he encounters Arvind, a boy who had been blinded by Maman.
SLUMDOG UNORIGINAL - Kiran Richards
Arvind tells him that Latika is now called Cherry and is about to become a child prostitute for Maman. Jamal and Salim set out to rescue Latika. When Maman tries to stop them Salim suddenly draws a gun and kills the gangster. The three youngsters escape. While Jamal and Latika dream of a better life together, Salim aspires to become a gangster himself.
He finds Javed, one of the big bosses, and offers his services. When he returns home later heavily drunk he claims Latika for himself and kicks Jamal out onto the street.
Latika tells Jamal to go because she realizes that it is not in their power to resist Salim and his new gangster friends. One day, when he steps in for one of the call center clerks, he manages to locate Salim.
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They meet on top of one of the new highrises that are built where their old slum used to be. Salim, who has become an important gangster, had hoped that Jamal would have forgotten Latika by now, but Jamal is unforgiving. After a failed attempt to get Latika to meet him at the station Jamal loses her yet again. He tries to contact her in the only way he can think of: After Jamal has reached the final round Prem turns him over for questioning believing that he is a fraud.
When the police interrogation comes to an end Jamal is released the films jumps back to the present. While Jamal is rushed to the studio, Salim and Latika watch the prequiz coverage on television. Salim finally decides to help Latika escape even though he knows that this will result in his own death.
He hands her the keys to his car and his mobile and locks himself into the bathroom waiting for Javed to find out and kill him. While Salim meets his death and Latika drives towards the studio, the show begins.
Prem poses the last question: He guesses the answer and is right. Jamal and Latika meet at the station and walk away together. He works for Javed Khan, a gangster boss. Latika A girl Jamal and Salim met when they were street children in the Dahravi slum.
She now lives with Javed Khan. Maman A cruel gangster who sends children to beg on the street. Sergeant Srinivas The police inspector who interrogates Jamal.
Amitabh Bachchan One of the most popular stars of Bollywood cinema. Javed Khan A gangster boss. A question in the quiz show style appears: How did he do it? At the end of the film the question is answered.
The picture freezes over the final kiss between Jamal and Latika and a black screen similar to the one in the beginning appears with nothing but the answer: Throughout the film there are also many instances in whichwhen the characters refer to fate or destiny. He knew that Amitabh Bachchan was the star of a film, because he struggled so hard to get his autograph. He remembers whose portrait is on the backside backside of a dDollar bill by way ofthrough a touching conversation with his blinded friend Arvind.
Sometimes Jamal just guesses the answer. Jamal is a truthful man, but he uses many kinds of tricks and cheats to get what he wants. He works as a trickster guide and thief at the Taj Mahal. He is witty and cunning.
Jamal also shows signs of real ingenuity. The psychological calculation that leads him to the right answer, when Prem Kumar gives him the wrong one, is very cleversmart. His witintellect also helps him when the police interrogate himhe is interrogated by the police.
When Jamal speaks about knowledge to the police inspector, he shows real signs of genius. His story about the things that everybody in the Dharavi slum knows is a clever parable of knowledge and learning, and a witty way to get the police officer on his side. Jamal also knows how to use a computer in the call-center for his purposes, although he never officially learned to do it. The film begins with a quiz question.
What would your answer have been? This is another brick wall in his search for Latika. In the first scene we see an important mid-shot of Jamal and Prem sitting together. We see them both sitting at their consoles. However amongst the two characters there is a major diversity. We see Jamal hunched over who looks small, weak and timid. He also looks very anxious and nervous. Contrasted to this is Prem who is much more laid back as opposed to being closed up like Jamal.
He is relaxed and seems in control of the situation. In the shot we see Prem and Jamal being given the same status as they sit equal but the body language differs immensely. Also included can be the dialogue, which again differs between the two characters. When Prem is talking he is loud and full of confidence. He adds in smart and sarcastic comments as if to throw Jamal and to make himself look good.
Jamal on the other hand is quiet and reserved. The title of the film Slumdog Millionaire combines two opposites. Why do you think Danny Boyle choose this title? The narrative present is set by the intertitle in the very first seconds of the film: Mumbai Jamal Malik is one question away from winning rupees. This is followed by Jamal being interrogated by the police. In the process of this interrogation the young man remembers the events of his life that led him to the quiz show answers.
There are flashbacks to his childhood and youth, but also flashbacks to the quiz show sessions that happened previous to the police investigation. Danny Boyle uses a number of ways to distinguish the different time zones of his narrative and at the same time smoothly link them to a homogenous whole. One way by which he separates the present from the different pasts is his use of colour and movement.
Both interrogation situations are filmed in muted colours, dominated by blue in the case of the quiz show and by khaki and white in the case of the police station. Jamal s childhood memories on the other hand are presented in warm and bright colours becoming colder as the events of his life approach the narrative present. Also both interrogation situations are more or less static and remain the same throughout the movie.
Jamal s past on the other hand is a continuous stream of movement starting with little Jamal running to catch a ball and ending with him struggling to follow Latika. In between he and his brother are escaping gangsters, jumping trains, struggling to make a living, fighting, laughing and forever running from the police. Sound is also used to distinguish different narrative straits: At the same time Boyle uses sound, colour, editing, and movement to closely connect the different scenes to each other.
Thus the sound of the quiz show often carries over into Jamals memories and vice versa. For example in a scene we 6 might see the last images of a childhood flashback while already hearing the quiz show host begin to talk.
Danny Boyle also uses careful editing to closely interlace the different narratives of his film. Instead of the slow fades or zooms that are often used to introduce flashbacks, Boyle prefers hard and fast cuts.
Very often he cuts from a close up of Jamals face into a memory which is a very common way to introduce a flashback. First you show a person remembering something then you show what they are remembering. But Boyle also uses this technique the other way round. Several times he ends a memory with the younger Jamal looking at the camera as if he would look into the future.
The effect is one of immediacy. The past is not something bygone and far removed from the present but something that is deeply relevant and defining the present.
As the film constantly jumps back and forth from one to the other there is hardly any distance between past and present. Indeed when Jamal thinks back to the most painful moment in his life, the death of his mother, there is no distance at all.
When the flashback ends the camera slowly pans to the left. While we can still see Jamal s childhood on the right hand side of the screen the quiz show studio begins to appear on the left. Not only do we see both past and present in one single image but we also see them in reverse order as you would usually expect the future to be on the right hand side on any timescale.
For Danny Boyle past and future are so closely linked that they can almost be said to be happening at the same time. Also, in Slumdog Millionaire all different time levels are suffused with a similar urgency. There is no place in his life where Jamal can sit back and relax. In the interrogation room he is under threat from the police, in the quiz show he stands to win or lose rupees and in his private life he is desperately waiting for a message from Latika.
Danny Boyle expertly choreographs all these story lines to cumulate in one moment, the answering of the last question. As the story approaches the present, its different strands align themselves and begin to happen at the same time. While the TV coverage of the national event begins, Jamal s interview with the police is approaching its end and Latika escapes from Javed. In a prime example of parallel editing, Danny Boyle now jumps rapidly from one scene to the next.
Rushing towards the finale, the cuts become faster and faster and the music underscoring Jamal s and Latika s scenes becomes the same, already anticipating their reunion.
Not only are Jamal and Latika approaching their destiny, it seems all of India is too, as Boyle cuts to scenes of families gathering in front of their television or people settling down in front of TV shops to watch the national event.
study guide for the film slumdog millionaire
All are included in the great motion towards fate. When the quiz show host finally says You are really on your own now he couldn t be further from the truth. What is a flashback in a film? Name some examples of films using a flashback structure. How many levels of time does Slumdog Millionaire use? How can you tell them apart? What is parallel editing? What effect does it have? Why do you think the filmmaker chose to constantly jump backwards and forwards in time rather than telling his story chronologically?
People use the phrase to imply that they were predestined to have something happen to them. For example a rickshaw wallah drives the rickshaw, a dhobi wallah washes clothes and chai wallahs makes chai tea. Rama is one of the most widely worshipped Hindu deities, the embodiment of chivalry and virtue. The name is specifically associated with Ramacandra, the seventh incarnation avatara of the supreme hinduist deity Lord Vishnu. It is possible that Rama was an actual historical figure, a tribal hero of ancient India who was later deified.
Encyclopedia Britannica 7 Mahatma Ghandi: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, byname Mahatma Great-Souled Gandhi born October 2,Porbandar, India died January 30,Delhileader of the Indian nationalist movement against British rule, considered to be the father of his country.
He is internationally esteemed for his doctrine of nonviolent protest to achieve political and social progress. Encyclopedia Britannica Benjamin Franklin: Januar April American printer and publisher, author, inventor and scientist, and diplomat. One of the foremost of the Founding Fathers, Franklin helped draft the Declaration of Independence and was one of its signers, represented the United States in France during the American Revolution, and was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention.
He made important contributions to science, especially in the understanding of electricity, and is remembered for the wit, wisdom, and elegance of his writing. Encyclopedia Britannica First class century: A term in cricket. First class cricket is usually defined as a match in which both teams have the possibility of having two innings each. Therefore a first class century, is runs scored by a single batsman in a single innings of first class cricket.
Wir haben einen engen Zeitplan. Informationen zu allen Filmen, Termine der Fortbildungsveranstaltungen, englischsprachige Study Guides und Tourneedaten unter: Make a list of scenes and situations featuring the two brothers Jamal and Salim.
Then add a column for Jamal and one for Salim and describe how each of them behaves in this scene. What does this tell us about their characters? How would you describe their relationship?
What do you know about Latika? Do you know as much about her as about the two boys? Why does Prem, the showmaster, give the wrong answer to Jamal? How would you describe the relationship between Prem and Jamal? Who wants to be a millionaire?
The TV-show Who wants to be a millionaire? What do you think is the reason for its worldwide success? Would you like to be a contestant yourself? The train station, too, is of great importance as it is the place where Latika and Jamal try to meet. What do you think the train and the train station symbolize?
Do they mean different things in different circumstances?