Moshoeshoe’s hegira retraced | Arts and Culture | M&G
Two images of Thaba Bosiu, King Moshoeshoe I's mountain fortress in present day and their body casts by James Drury; “Bushman” body casts . monikers, African peoples themselves have long recognized the relationship between pressure out of the east from their neighbors, the amaHlubi, who were much more. ground at Thota-ea-Moli, are landmarks because of their connection with. Lesotho's founder. .. independence from its neighbor. Connected to the who were attending a rally organized by King Moshoeshoe II. This infor-. ;a. -I. 0 Although the messages of the various actors who rose to prominence dur- ing the period. By , a man called Moshoeshoe, the leader of a small chiefdom, had managed to bring the Fokeng The Basotho kingdom and its neighbours in the s.
The first general election following the attainment of independence was held in January When it appeared that the ruling party, the Basotho National Party BNPwould be defeated, Prime Minister Jonathan, its leader, declared a state of emergency and suspended the constitution.
Leabua Jonathan admitted he had lost the election but nevertheless arrested the opposition leaders. The unrest, he said, was due to Communist influence, and since the majority of the people were behind him he would suspend the constitution and hold new elections later.
Lesotho - History
He was permitted to return in December. Scattered attacks on police posts occurred in January in an alleged attempt by supporters of the BCP to overthrow the government of the ruling BNP. The abortive coup d'etat resulted in the arrest, killing, imprisonment, or exile of many people.
In March15 BCP followers were found guilty of high treason. The struggle against the Jonathan government continued through the late s and early s, with the Lesotho Liberation Army LLAthe military arm of the BCP in exile, claiming responsibility for periodic bombings in Maseru, ambushes of government officials, and attacks on police stations.
Relations with South Africa deteriorated after that nation granted independence in to the Bantu homeland of Transkei, on Lesotho's southeastern border. When Lesotho like all other nations except South Africa declined to recognize Transkei, the Transkeian authorities closed the border with Lesotho, which also angered South Africa by harboring members of the banned African National Congress ANCan exiled South African insurgent group.
On 9 DecemberSouth African troops raided private residences of alleged ANC members in Maseru; 42 persons were killed, including at least 12 Lesotho citizens. In the early s, South Africa used economic pressures against Lesotho.
History - Lesotho - policy, Independence
Parliamentary elections scheduled for August by the Jonathan government were called off because all five opposition parties refused to take part, charging that the voters' roll was fraudulent. Later that year, South Africa stepped up its destabilization activities, conducting a commando raid and aiding antigovernment elements.
Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message Moshoeshoe was the first son of Mokhachane,  a minor chief of the Bamokoteli sub-clan of the Basotho people.
Moshoeshoe and his agemates went to initiation school and he got the name Letlama meaning strong bond. During his youth just after initiation, he was very brave and once organised a cattle raid against Ramonaheng and captured several herds.
As was the tradition, he composed a poem praising himself where, amongst the words he used to refer to himself, said he was "like a razor which has shaved all Ramonaheng's beards", referring to his successful raid.
In Sesotho language, a razor is said to make a "shoe He also referred himself as the person of Kali, thus showed that he was a descendant of the Great Kali or Monaheng who is said to be the ancestor of most Bakoena people in Lesotho with the exception of the senior Bamolibeli.
Moshoeshoe and his followers, mostly the Bakoena Bamokoteli, some Bafokeng from his maternal side and other relations as well as some clans including the Amazizi, established his village at Butha-Buthe, where his settlement and reign coincided with the growth in power of the well-known Zulu King, Shaka and what is now known as the 'time of troubles' previously known as ' Difaqane '.
During the early 19th century Shaka raided many smaller chiefdoms along the eastern coast of Southern Africa modern day Kwa-Zulu Natalincorporating parts of them into his steadily growing Zulu chiefdom.
Various small clans were forced to flee the Zulu chief. It was marked by aggression against the Sotho people by the invading Nguni clans. The attacks also forced Moshoeshoe to move his settlement to the Qiloane plateau. The name was later changed to Thaba Bosiu or "mountain at night" because it was believed to grow during the night and shrink during day.
It proved to be an impassable stronghold against enemies. This section does not cite any sources. The first French Missionaries came upon Lesotho almost by accident.
Lesotho's relationship with the world
The appeal of King Moshoeshoe in the year changed their lives and those of many others, forever. The exchange of culture between the new visitors to Lesotho made differences on both sides of the divide. The missionaries bought modern ideas to the newly forming nation of the Basotho. Then regular reports from the stations at Morija and later at Thaba Bosiu, told the world the news of the Great King Moshoeshoe and his peaceful but invincible people.
Early relationships with the Basotho were cordial and exchanges were warm and generally fruitful. King Moshoeshoe was recognised by the British authorities in place in the Cape of Good Hope, as the legitimate ruler of his territories in More visitors, some successful, other less so and less respectable came to Lesotho to collect their share of Basotho culture; Governor Napier, Sir Peregrine Maitland and Sir Harry Smith, were early visitors, in body or in mind, to the region and full of promises.
Sir George Grey and Lt.