Hungary and romania relationship

Diplomatic row breaks out between Hungary and Romania - The Budapest Beacon

hungary and romania relationship

Jan 12, A row has broken out between Bucharest and Budapest over autonomy for ethnic Hungarians in part of Romania's Transylvania region. Sep 25, Read here the latest news about Hungary. The Complicated Relationship Between Romania and Its Ethnic Minorities over the Last Hungarian-Romanian relations are foreign relations between Hungary and Romania. Relations between the two nations date back from the Middle Ages.

Hungary and Romania face off over an ethnic dispute

The country is emerging from the political crisis that engulfed it in caused by a dispute between Ponta and President Traian Basescu, writes Stratfor. Stratfor is a Texas-based global intelligence company. Corlatean was referring to Hungary's decision to raise the flag of the Szekely Land — the region where a subgroup of ethnic Hungarians live in Romania — at the parliament in Budapest.

The relationship between Romania and Hungary 2 (animation{8})

This is the most recent incident, but the historical divisions between the two countries date back centuries. Most of the territories of modern-day Hungary and Romania at one point were under Ottoman and later Habsburg rule. The Carpathian Mountains are the main geographical feature in the region, and the official border between the two nations has repeatedly moved from one side of the mountains to the other since the Middle Ages.

What do the Hungarians think about the Hungarian-Romanian relations?

The most recent significant redefinition of borders took place after World War I with the Treaty of Trianon, under which Hungary lost two-thirds of its territory to its neighbors, including Transylvania to Romania.

As a result, Hungarians became the largest minority group in Romania. According to the census, there are about 1. Half the Hungarians living in Romania are Szekelys, a Hungarian-speaking subgroup living mostly in what is known as the Szekely Land, an ethno-cultural region in eastern Transylvania. From the Middle Ages through the midth century, the region enjoyed varying degrees of autonomy, until the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of and several administrative reforms in the s abolished all the autonomous areas in the Kingdom of Hungary, including Szekely Land.

After World War II, the Romanian government created a Hungarian Autonomous Region in the Szekely Land, which existed from until when the Communist government reformed the administrative divisions of the country to eliminate any identification of regions by ethnic or cultural divisions. Following the fall of Communism, Romania's subsequent democratic governments preserved the administrative division of the country, which led to the creation of several initiatives by ethnic Hungarians who wanted to re-establish autonomy.

hungary and romania relationship

The political representation of the ethnic Hungarians in the country is fragmented, with three relatively small parties courting the votes of ethnic Hungarians. The largest of the three is the Democratic Union of Hungarians in Romania, a party that is often represented in parliament and has been part of governing coalitions.

The Democratic Union and other Hungarian groups staged peaceful demonstrations in Romania indemanding greater political decentralization as a first step toward autonomy.

hungary and romania relationship

Ethnic Hungarian minorities in Romania are often used as a political issue by the governments in both Hungary and Romania. Hostility to the Treaty of Trianon is at the foundation of Hungarian nationalism, which calls for the restitution of the territories that were lost after World War I.

Budapest also has used the ethnic minority issue as a lever to assert its influence abroad. In Maythe Hungarian Parliament decided to give ethnic Hungarians who live outside the country the right to claim Hungarian nationality as a second citizenship — which potentially includes the right to vote.

This move caused tensions with Romania and Slovakia, which also acquired formerly Hungarian territory through the Treaty of Trianon and with it, a substantial Hungarian population. Ethnically, the country has become far more homogenous over the past one hundred years. As a result, it has lost much of its exciting, diverse character. After World War I, the population of the state doubled, amounting to 18 million.

hungary and romania relationship

Following the French model, a highly centralized and Bucharest-centered state organization was created; the Romanian elite had to face the challenge of governing a culturally and economically heterogeneous, fragmented country. After the Treaty of Trianon peace agreement, approximately Hungarians emigrated to Hungary.

About Hungary - Hungary-Romania Relations

Despite this, the majority of the inhabitants and elite in major Transylvanian cities were still Hungarian, German and Jewish. While under Hungarian rule afterJews speaking Hungarian were regarded as Hungarian. The Romanian government began forced assimilation, but only the communist regime proved to be successful in that effort after World War II. In this period the state lost Northern Transylvania as it was given back to Hungary in along with one million Romanian residents.

Following the attack of the Soviet Union inRomania regained Bessarabia from its eastern neighbor, whose inhabitants were mostly Romanian. In AugustRomania, realizing the forthcoming defeat of Germany, switched sides to join the Allies. As a result, the country regained the whole of Transylvania, losing Bessarabia to Soviet rule in the process.

During the cataclysm of the war, the majority of Romanian Jews were killed and most of the Jewish survivors emigrated to Israel at the end of the forties.

hungary and romania relationship

The Hungarian political, cultural and religious elite were meant to be intimidated by a number of show trials, but many of those persecuted behaved courageously and remained steadfast. The castles, manor houses and lands of Transylvanian Hungarian aristocrats were confiscated and many were deported to labor camps in the Danube Delta.