Athena - Wikipedia
tween father and daughter2, a relationship undisputed in the myth in gen-. 1. . cretely, Zeus himself advised Hera to stir up Athena against Ares who was. mythology. Learn about the Greek goddess of marriage and queen of Olympus, Hera. Paris awarded Aphrodite the Golden Apple over Athena and Hera. Learn about the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, Athena. Hera and Athena fought against Paris in the Trojan War since he had awarded the Golden Apple.
Hephaistos on the other hand was a god of the forge, metal working and smiths.
They share a festival the Chalkeia where they are honored together as Holy Powers associated with blacksmiths and artisans Relationship with Hestia Athene was associated with the work women did in the home. Hestia is the goddess of the home and hearth itself. These two have over-lapping influence here.
Both Goddesses had fires associated with them. Relationship to Erichthonois After being rejected by Aphrodite, Hephaistos tried to have sex with Athena. His sperm ended up on her leg.
In disgust, she wiped it off with some wool and threw it to the ground. In some versions of the story, the goddess Gaia came up from the earth and gave the baby Erichthonois to Athena. Athena gave him to some of her priestesses to raise in Athens. Erichthonois was kept in a box with a snake; the Priestesses were never to open it.
Hera - Wikipedia
Athena was trying to make her son immortal. Two of the priestesses opened the box. The two women who opened the box were either killed by the snake or were driven mad by the goddess herself and flung themselves off the Akropolis Athena then raised the child in her own temple. According to myth, Erichthonois placed the first statue of the goddess there and founded the festival of Panathenaia for Athena There was a snake-spirit who was the guardian of the Akropolis. Each month he was given a honey-cake to elicit his protection.
There is a statue of Athena with a serpent.
This serpent is believed to be the guardian-spirit. Pausanias describes the snake of Athena Parthenos statue as Erichthonois. Erichthonois was both a ancestor raised by Athena and an guardian serpent spirit of the Akropolis who was petitioned to for protection Strabo says that it came about because of a spiritual or religious mystery. Kerenyi also states that both Persephone and Athena are associated with the pomegranate Sources 1 Deacy, Susan. Routledge, University of Wisconsin Press, Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally.
In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods. What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions. Metope from the Temple at Selinus c.
Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa. Perseus gave the head of Medusa to Athena who mounted it on her breastplate, the gorgoneion.
Athena • Facts and Information on Greek Goddess Athena
A comparison of one of the large number of representations of the story of Perseus Medusa from Archaic Greek art to the Minoan Snake Goddess illustrates the profound change that occurred with the supremacy of the Olympian Gods.
A striking aspect of the Snake Goddess is her frontality combined with her hypnotic stare. The power of this stare was probably intended to strike the original viewers with intense religious feelings of of terror and awe. This expression transcends categories of good and evil. On the other hand, it was the sight of the "terrible" visage of Medusa that would turn men into stone. The powerful gaze in the Minoan work becomes entirely negative and demonized and something to be overcome in the figure of Medusa.
Perseus, the son of Zeus and the mortal Danae, slays Medusa with his sword, and thus he destroys the terrifying chthonic powers of the female for more on Medusa see the paper by Alicia Le Van. The following excerpt from Bullfinch's Mythology illustrates how the demonization of Medusa persists into our modern imagination: Medusa was a terrible monster who had laid waste to the country. She was once a beautiful maiden whose hair was her chief glory, but as she dared to vie in beauty with Athena, the goddess deprived her of her charms and changed her beautiful ringlets into hissing serpents.
She became a cruel monster of so frightening an aspect that no living thing could behold her without being turned into stone.
All around the cavern where she dwelt might be seen the stony figures of men and animals which had chanced to catch a glimpse of her and had been petrified with the sight. Perseus, favored by Athena and Hermes, the former of whom lent him her shield and the latter his winged shoes, approached Medusa while she slept, and taking care not to look directly at her, but guided by her image reflected in the bright shield which he bore, he cut off her head and gave it to Athena, who fixed it in the middle of her Aegis.
Athena, the greek goddess of war and wisdom
The story of Medusa has reemerged in poststructuralist literary theory. This site draws together the ancient texts and images available on the Web concerning the major figures of Greek and Roman mythology. Although concentrating primarily on ancienct sources and illustrations, some Renaissance images have been included.