Warrior Puppets: The Samurai of the Tokugawa Shogunate
Good Websites and Sources on the Samurai Era in Japan: Good Photos at SeppukuA Practical Guide avesisland.info ; Tale of 47 Loyal Samurai High .. in Japanese Cultural History”: Bakufu relations with the daimyo were complex. Seppuku = ritual suicide reserved for Samurai during this Era. Daimyo = a feudal Lord that a Samurai has sworn loyalty to. Not all Samurai were. Samurai, no matter what their status, were but servants to their daimyo. Being a . Since being a ronin means that there is no longer any connection between the .
By the eleventh century the bands were changing to groups of fighting men not necessarily connected through kinship. Power was beginning to aggregate in the hands of a few elite military families, or clans, whose regional dominance was supported by the fighting abilities of retainers and vassals. The First Warrior Government The Kamakura Shogunate, — By the late eleventh century, the Minamoto also known as Genji clan was recognized as the most powerful military clan in the northeastern region of Japan, having defeated several other powerful local groups.
In the mid-twelfth century, the Minamoto clashed with the mighty Taira also known as Heike clan, which commanded an important western region including the area around Kyoto.
A series of clashes, culminating in the Genpei War —ended with the defeat of the Taira.
Introduction to the Samurai | Kamakura period (article) | Khan Academy
The victorious Minamoto went on to establish a new, warrior-led government at Kamakura, their eastern stronghold. In the great Minamoto leader Minamoto Yoritomo — was appointed sei-i-tai shogun lit.
Yoritomo established a military government, bakufu: Reporting to the shogun were daimyo lit. The Second Warrior Government: The Ashikaga Shogunate of the Muromachi Period — The Kamakura shogunate was overthrown in and succeeded by the Ashikaga shogunate —based in Muromachi, near Kyoto.
Under the Ashikaga, samurai were increasingly organized into lord—vassal hierarchies. Claiming loyalty to one lord, they adhered to a value system that promoted the virtues of honor, loyalty, and courage.
As in the Kamakura period, the Ashikaga shogun was supported by direct vassals and by powerful but more independent regional daimyo, who administered the provinces.
These regional leaders were expected to maintain order, administer justice, and ensure the delivery of taxes. These practices were avidly pursued even during the years of growing disunity culminating in the Onin Civil War — Woodblock print, ink and colors on paper.
The Third Warrior Government: The Tokugawa military government, based in a new capital city at Edo present-day Tokyoachieved unparalleled control over the country, lasting more than years, from to For these and other reasons, the era of Tokugawa rule was a time of peace, when the warriors were increasingly called upon to fulfill bureaucratic roles.
Under the Tokugawa shogunate land taxes were based on an assessment of rice productivity. This calculation determined the allotment of daimyo domains and samurai stipends: In the Tokugawa system, there were about daimyo domains, each with its own castle, served and protected by samurai vassals.
From the time of infancy one should encourage bravery and avoid trivially frightening or teasing the child. If a person is affected by cowardice as a child, it remains a lifetime scar. It is a mistake for parents to thoughtlessly make their children dread lightening, or to have them not go into dark places, or to tell them frightening things in order to stop them from crying.
Furthermore, a child will become timid if he is scolded severely. Education was formulated such that a child would not grow up as an overlord who had too grand of an idea of his power and too little of a grasp on the idea of servitude.
Children were split into instructional groups and would follow around a leader who would teach them. By age ten the children would memorize the instructional texts from the instructors. Between ages ten and fourteen the children were taught, and expected to perform, official etiquette.
Military Aspects of the Daimyo
At age thirteen instruction in the military arts began; archery, swordsmanship, and spear fighting. At age sixteen the groups were dissolved and individual instruction began. Instruction lasted until age twenty-two. Secrets The same concepts of servitude to their lord and basic military retainership were, of course, the mainstay of the education. With differences in education as a starting point social stratification existed between the upper and lower level samurai.
There was no cross marriages between the classes, even adultery often occurred within the same class. Samurai serving their daimyo lords were worse off as their daimyo would often "borrow" from the stipends of their samurai.
Hanley 18 During the Tokugawa Shogunate, commoners in urban areas and rural landowners had equal to greater wealth in comparison to the samurai. Induring a crop failure, a mid-level Kanazawa-Han samurai was placed under house arrest for expressing too much support for the farmers.
An introduction to the Samurai
The only way for a samurai to break from this puppet-like "string pulling" was to break the bond between samurai and master, thusly becoming ronin masterless. First was the wealthy who resigned from their position either out of protest or out of desire to leave the system. Second would be those samurai fired from their position by their daimyo but who could return to their position one day if the daimyo was satisfied that the samurai had paid his debt.
The third way a ronin to come to being was a samurai who was "dismissed" permanently from his job and title by his daimyo.
DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE)
Ronin, being separated from their clan with no means of support, would often make a living by teaching bujutsu martial artshiring themselves out as yojimbo bodyguardsor by joining with raiders and surviving on pillaging. Such fears were not without warrant. Akechi, the assassin of Oda Nobunaga, was ronin.the secret world of the japanese swordsmith
The battle lasted for three months and ended only with the aid of the Dutch navy. As a servant, the samurai shows greater loyalty than any other vassal. As a historical figure, only the pawn on the chessboard could make an equal comparison in treatment. The samurai during the Tokugawa Shogunate were dynamic and bold in their own rights, with many samurai causing many great changes in the course of history, but there are few in number.