Japanese-Australian Relations - Al Jazeera Center for Studies
The strength and expanding frontier of the Australia-Japan economic relationship , 60 years after the signing of the landmark Commerce Treaty. The Australia-Japan economic relationship is broad, deep, and has an extensive history. However, issues to do with natural resources. The two countries share similar regional visions on security and trade issues. Australia-Japan Defense Ties Are Deeper Than a Sunken Submarine Bid.
This included a slight pullback in terms of the recent bid for the upgrade of the Royal Australian Navy submarine fleet inwhich the new government eventually decided on the French bid, therefore resulting in slight outcry from the Japanese Government ; its worth noting that the previous Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott had closely hinted for his government to choose the Japanese bid over both the French and German bids.
This was seen with increasing bilateral ties in terms of military co-operation, trade, and cultural friendship.
In lateTurnbull stopped by on a lighting trip to Tokyo and started to develop a close relationship with Prime Minister Shinzo Abefollowing his predecessor's example. Abe later visited Turnbull in Sydney early during a pivot to South-East Asiawhere both increased military, trade, cultural, and sporting ties.
Japan in particular had emerged as the leading trading partner. In —67, Japan surpassed the United Kingdom "to become the largest market for Australian exports".
- Australia-Japan relations
Because of this, Australia has had a trade surplus with Japan. Australia is a predominant source of food and raw materials for Japan. In Australia accounted for 5. Australia was the largest single supplier of coal, iron ore, wool, and sugar to Japan in Australia is also a supplier of uranium. By Japanese investment made Australia the single largest source of Japanese regional imports.
The ban on American and Canadian beef recently made Australia the largest supplier of beef in Japan.
Resource development projects in Australia attracted Japanese capital, as did trade protectionism by necessitating local production for the Australian market. But, because of the broadening reach of Japan's foreign investment, this share had been declining, down from 5. During the s, Japanese real estate investment increased in Australia, particularly in the ocean resort area known as the Gold Coastwhere Japanese presence was strong enough to create some resentment.
Economic engagement The Australia-Japan economic relationship is underpinned by complementary strengths and needs. Australia is a safe, secure and reliable supplier of food, energy and mineral resources and a world-class centre for financial and other services.
Japan became Australia's largest trading partner in the early s — a position it maintained for 26 years. Japanese investment continues to play a significant role in the development of the Australian economy. The Dialogue offers a regular mechanism for high-level engagement on strategic economic and trade cooperation to complement high-level defence and security cooperation and annual leaders' meetings.
The Dialogue supports the strong and growing trade and investment relationship between Australia and Japan. Japan is Australia's second-largest export market. Japan was Australia's largest merchandise export market for coal, LNG, beef, aluminium, cheese and curd, liquefied propane and butane, and animal feed.
The Japan-Australia Economic Partnership Agreement JAEPAwhich entered into force on 15 Januarygives Australian exporters significantly improved market access in goods and services and substantially improves investment protections.
Japanese investment has been essential in the development of many of the export industries that have driven Australia's growth, including in large-scale projects to meet Japanese demand for resources such as coal and iron ore.
Japanese investment has also begun to extend beyond the traditional areas of natural resources to sectors such as financial services, infrastructure, information and communications technology, property, food and agribusiness.
JAEPA will further boost Japan's diverse and growing investment in Australia, generating employment growth including in regional Australia. Doing business in Japan Austrade assists Australian companies to build and implement their export strategies. Austrade also works to promote the Australian education sector within Japan and to attract productive foreign direct investment into Australia.
Austrade has offices in Tokyo, Osaka, Fukuoka and Sapporo. People to people links Early Japanese settlers started the pearling industry in Australia.
Larger-scale migration began after the Second World War, and Japanese continue to settle in Australia today. The Japanese government feels increasingly anxious about its resource security in the face of competition from neighbouring consumers — particularly China — and the prospects this competition may threaten its resource trade and investment links with Australia.Japan Update 2017: The Australia-Japan relationship
Despite the economic inefficiency of these policies, successive Japanese governments have been reluctant to liberalise agricultural trade due to powerful agricultural lobbies, the structure of the Japanese electoral system, and cultural sensitivities about food security. The Australian government has also been reluctant to cut special supply deals with its resource customers. Despite the combined resource diplomacy efforts of the Japanese, Chinese, and Korean governments, Australia has not yet been willing to negotiate preferential agreements for the supply of mineral and energy resources with any of its regional partners.
This reluctance to cut preferential deals likely reflects an aversion to offering preferential access to any one party, which might then be seen by the others as a form of favouritism. Unfortunately, they are also acting as a blockage to the negotiation of further bilateral deals. This problematic outcome is evident in the current negotiations for an Australia-Japan free trade agreement.
Japan has proven extremely reluctant to make meaningful concessions on agricultural trade policy, while Australia has similarly refused to provide any special deals in the minerals and energy sphere. The FTA talks have now been ongoing for some six years, with no clear conclusion in sight. This situation poses a challenging dilemma for Australian policymakers.